The station has expanded over the years. Nunavut is increasing its economy and reported a GDP of $1.75 billion in 2010 which was an increase of 11.4% on the previous year. Experts predict a rise of 9.2% in future years. What is the approximate Inuit population in Nunavut alone? Despite French being an official language, only 1.27% of residents report it as their mother tongue. Eureka, a weather station also on Ellesmere Island, has the lowest average annual temperature of any Canadian weather station. Telephone access and television broadcasts arrived in 1982 when Operation Hurricane resulted in the establishment of a satellite receiving station at nearby Skull Point, which has an open view to the south. Eureka was the first Joint Arctic Weather Station (JAWS) established on April 7th. 4 miles and an atmospheric pressure of 1019 mb. Flying in from Thule, Greenland the United States Air Force landed on frozen Slidre Fjord. Eureka has the lowest average annual temperature and least precipitation of any weather station in Canada with an annual mean temperature of −18.8 Â°C (−1.8 Â°F). It is the 12th most populous province in Canada. The main industries in the territory are resources and fishery, following government employment. [1][3], The base consists of three areas:[citation needed], PEARL is operated by a consortium of Canadian university researchers and government agencies known as the Canadian Network for Detection of Atmospheric Change. Nunavut may have always been a vast land with a small population, but the … Maybe 6 or 7 people there? Nunavut is very sparsely populated with a population of just 33,000 and a population density of 0.02 people per square kilometer (0.052 per square mile). [8], The complex is powered by diesel generators. On this date, 100 tonnes (98 long tons; 110 short tons) of supplies were airlifted to a promising spot on Ellesmere Island, and five prefabricated Jamesway hutswere constructed. It will be mostly dry with little or no precipitation and cloud covering 63% of the sky, the humidity will be around 94%. In 2011, the enumerated population of Nunavut was 31,906 which represents a change of 8.3% from 2006. Eureka has the lowest average annual temperature and the lowest amount of precipitation of any weather station in Canada. As of April 2019, the population of Nunavut was estimated to be about 40,000 people. Mon 11/01 It is the third-northernmost permanent research community in the world. [citation needed] Its frost-free season averages 56 days, much longer than many other places nearby. Nunavut has one of the youngest populations in Canada. Eureka was founded on April 11, 1947, as part of a requirement to set up a network of Arctic weather stations. The only one farther north is Alert, which is also on Ellesmere Island. Etymology: Nunavut means “our land” in the native language Inuktitut. Between 2011 and 2016, Nunavut had the highest population growth rate of any Canadian province or territory, at a rate of 12.7%. The latest operations centre, with work areas and staff quarters in one large structure, was completed in 2005. Strangely, Inuktitut is not considered an official language. Baffin Island (Inuktitut: ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk IPA: [qikiqtaːluk], French: Île de Baffin, Terre de Baffin, formerly Baffin Land), in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world.Its area is 507,451 km 2 (195,928 sq mi) and its population was 13,148 as of the 2016 Canadian Census. 71 percent of Nunavut's population speak Inukitut. Eureka is a small research base on Fosheim Peninsula, Ellesmere Island, Qikiqtaaluk Region, in the Canadian territory of Nunavut.It is located on the north side of Slidre Fiord, which enters Eureka Sound farther west. Nunavut has no paved roads that connect communities together as it is sparsely populated and most long-distance travel is done by air. More recently, CANDAC has installed what is likely the world's most northerly geosynchronous satellite ground-station to provide Internet-based communications to PEARL. [8] Although a polar desert, evaporation is also very low, which allows the limited moisture to be made available for plants and wildlife. Record humidex 23.0 for January is an error and should not be entered. This was, however, an 8.3% increase on the 2006 census; a much higher increase than the average increase across Canada. Sadly, many native Inuits are leaving the area for better economic prospects elsewhere. The settlement sees the midnight sun between April 10 and August 29, with no sunlight at all between mid-October and late February. Other settlements on Ellesmere Island include Alert and Grise Fiord. The next most common language is English with around 27% reporting it as their mother tongue. On this date, 100 tonnes (98 long tons; 110 short tons) of supplies were airlifted to a promising spot on Ellesmere Island, and five prefabricated Jamesway huts were constructed. Whyte, L. G., B. Goalen, J. Hawari, D. Labbe, C. W. Greer, and M. Nahir. Comprising most of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, about one fifth of the total landmass of the nation, Nunavut is the size of Western Europe. This statistic shows the population of Nunavut in 2016, by ethnic origin. [citation needed]. It is located on the north side of Slidre Fiord, which enters Eureka Sound farther west. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Polar Environment Atmospheric Research Laboratory, Emergency Plan for Storage Tank Systems of Petroleum and Allied Petroleum Products at Eureka High Arctic Weather Station, "High Arctic research station saved by new funding", "Update: Denmark's Arctic Assets and Canada's Response — Danish Air Force Aircraft on a Mission over Canada's High Arctic", http://lidar.ssec.wisc.edu/Eureka_movie_v3.avi, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eureka,_Nunavut&oldid=995138496, Populated places in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, 1947 establishments in the Northwest Territories, Articles needing additional references from February 2016, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with failed verification from February 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Despite the larger towns being more cosmopolitan, the whole territory is largely inhabited with people with an Inuit ethnic background. Canada’s national median age, meanwhile, is 40.8 years. In the 1980s, TV audio was often connected to the telephone to feed CBC-TV news to CHAR-FM in isolated Alert. 47,000 Muskoxen are now roaming in Nunavut's mainland and arctic islands, did you know that they were once endangered? (a) 9 500 (c) 17 500 (d) 20 000 6. Nunavut is the largest province in Canada in terms of total area with 2,038,722 square kilometers (787,155 square miles). Nunavut Population Estimates by Sex and Marital Status, 2004 to 2020 (3 tables).xls. 1947. It is located at a latitude of … ... Eureka, a … The population growth rate of Nunavut has been well above the Canadian average for several decades, mostly due to birth rates significantly higher than the Canadian average—a trend that continues. (a) -46 (b) -30 (c) -15 (d) -10 7. [11] Of the approximately 28,000 Inuit living in Nunavut, more than half of them reside in the eastern Qikiqtaaluk region of the territory … A graph is shown with the yearly temperature and rainfall averages for the Eureka Canada area. Cost of living is high and you will also not find alcohol for sale – permits are required to fly it in for personal consumption. [citation needed], Eureka experiences a polar climate (ET). Located in the Ellesmere Island’s northeastern tip in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of the Canadian territory of Nunavut, Alert is the country’s and the world’s northernmost permanent human settlement. It comprises part of the mainland and a huge scattering of islands. Because there are few roads and no railroads, cities get supplies by airplane or boat. "Bioremediation Treatability Assessment of Hydrocarbon-Contaminated Soils from Eureka, Nunavut". What is that population, and is there any broad understanding … 2001. Most people who inhabit Nunavut today are residents of the territory’s capital city of Iqaluit. Even so, since record keeping began, the temperature has never exceeded 20.9 Â°C (69.6 Â°F), first reached on July 14, 2009. The only two farther north are Alert, which is also on Ellesmere Island, and Nord, in Greenland. Only 15% of people describe themselves as non-aboriginal. Nunavut has large areas of land where few people live. [citation needed]. Nunavut's highest point is Barbeau Peak (2,616 m (8,583 ft)) on Ellesmere Island. Pond Inlet warmed by about 2.5 C and Iqaluit warmed by about 2 C . 38,780 Total area (sq mi) 808,185 Total area (sq km) 2,093,190 Premier Joe Savikataaq (no political affiliation) Date of admission 1999 Territorial motto "Nunavut saginivut (Nunavut, our strength)" Territorial flower purple saxifrage Seats in House of Commons 1 (of 308) Time zone Pacific (GMT − 8 hours) 83.6% of inhabitants confirmed this in the most recent census. In that year, about 30,420 people in Nunavut reported being of North American Aboriginal origin. Of the 28 000 Inuit living in Nunavut, more than half live in the Qikiqtaaluk region, and nearly three-quarters are aged under 40. This page will help you find a list of the nearest surrounding towns, villages, cities nearby or within a 35 mile distance (56.32 km) of Eureka (Nunavut) to the north, south, east, or west of Eureka; typically within a one to two hour commute or drive. Iqaluit is home to around 7000 people. The Eureka weather station was established in 1947 and has been manned continously since then. This town is the center of the territory but is still relatively small with a very different feel to the rest of Canada. At its peak, in the 1970s, at least fifteen staff were on site; in 2005, it reported a permanent population of zero with at least 8 staff on a continuous rotational basis. Population (2016) 35,944; (2019 est.) One of the world's most remote, sparsely settled regions, it has a population of 31,906, [1] mostly Inuit, spread over an area of just over 1,750,000 km 2 (680,000 sq mi), the size of Western Europe. For example, Eureka, a research base on Nunavut’s Ellesmere Island, has warmed about 4 C, compared to the global average of 1 C over the same time period. Eureka, Canada visibility is going to be around 7 km i.e. Nunavut is the youngest Canadian territory, officially proclaimed on April 1st 1999. The Diocese of Churchill - Hudson Bay covers most of the Nunavut territory. On July 3, 2009, a Danish Challenger 604 MMA jet landed at Eureka's aerodrome. That means half the population is younger than 26.1 years, and half the population is older. Nunavut has fewer than 30 communities. The population density is 0.019 persons/km 2 (0.05 persons/sq mi), one of the lowest in the world. Not surprisingly, 70% of the residents of Nunavut report their mother tongue as Inuktitut. Furthermore, Nunavut has the lowest average age of mothers in Canada, having their first child at a rate 8 times the national average for teenage pregnancies. Nunavut Territory. Calculations of sunrise and sunset in Eureka – Nunavut – Canada for January 2021. History. The most prolific religion in the territory is the Anglican Church of Canada with 58% of the population reporting it as their faith, with Roman Catholic at 28%. With the exception of its capital (Churchill is in the Province of Manitoba) all other parishes of the diocese are located in Nunavut. The low power Channel 9 TV transmitter at Skull Point was the world's most northern TV station at the time. It comprises part of the mainland and a huge scattering of islands. Eureka has been described as "The Garden Spot of the Arctic" due to the flora and fauna abundant around the Eureka area, more so than anywhere else in the High Arctic. The jet is a military observation aircraft based on the Challenger executive jet. By 2043, the projected median age for Nunavut could fall to 25.6 years, StatCan said. Geography: Nunavut covers 1,877,787 km2 of land and 160,930 km2 of water in Northern Canada. ... Nunavut has a small population. This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 12:51. The growth rate has slowed down more recently with an increase from 2013 to 2014 of 0.8% bringing the total number of people today to 36,408. [citation needed], At Eureka's latitude, a geosynchronous communications satellite, if due south, would require an antenna to be pointed nearly horizontally; satellites farther east or west along that orbit would be below the horizon. It is the second-northernmost permanent research community in the world. [4][failed verification], Eureka's postal code is X0A 0G0 and the area code is 613. Nunavut’s Inuit have also managed to maintain their intricate carving skills, unique music, and Inuktitut language, the mother tongue of about 65 percent of Nunavut’s population. 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