Mammal species observed in the Mizoram forests include slow loris (Nycticebus coucang), red serow (Capricornis rubidus), which is the state animal, goral (Nemorhaedus goral), tiger (Panthera tigris), leopard (Panthera pardus), clouded leopard ("Neofelis nebulosi"), leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis), Bengal fox (Vulpes bengalensis), and Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus). Hamlet Bareh, Encyclopaedia of North-East India: Mizoram, Volume 5, T. R. Shankar Raman, Effect of Slash-and-Burn Shifting Cultivation on Rainforest Birds in Mizoram, Northeast India Conservation Biology, Vol. In 2011 there were total 11144 families residing in Saiha district. Writing is a combination of the Roman script and Hunterian transliteration methodology with prominent traces of a phonetics-based spelling system. The popularity of the Christian religion at Mizoram can be understood from the statistical fact that about 83.81 % of the total population of the state in the year 1981 was Christian by faith. 685-698, Grogan, P., Lalnunmawia, F., & Tripathi, S. K. (2012), Shifting cultivation in steeply sloped regions: a review of management options and research priorities for Mizoram state Northeast India, Agroforestry systems, 84(2), 163-177, Pawar, S. and Birand, A. In 1972 it became a centrally administered union territory under the name of Mizoram, and in 1987 it achieved statehood. Mizoram Religious Data. This is available from the Liaison Officer, government of Mizoram in Kolkata, Silchar, Shillong, Guwahati and New Delhi. Those arriving by air can obtain a 15-day visit pass at Lengpui airport, Aizawl by submitting photographs and paying the fee of ₹120 (US$1.70). Although many more rivers and streams drain the hill ranges, the most important and useful rivers are the Tlawng, Tut, Tuirial and Tuivawl which flow through the northern territory and eventually join the Barak River in Cachar District. 587-637). Jhum Cultivation: Mizoram is famous for Jhum Cultivation. And, in the next two decades of 1931 to 1951, nearly the whole of the tribal population of Mizoram was converted to Christianity. Different tribes and sub-tribes arrived in the present Mizoram, in successive waves and settled down in different parts of the state. Christianity is most popular religion in Mizoram with 87.16 % of state population following the same. The diversity of tribal groups reflects the historical immigration patterns. The Mizoram Christian population has their own distinct churches. Christian missionaries developed the Mizo script. There are three Autonomous District Councils (ADCs) for ethnic tribes in Mizoram, namely Chakma Autonomous District Council (in the southern part of state, bordering Bangladesh), Lai Autonomous District Council (LADC) for Lai people in the southern part of the state, and Mara Autonomous District Council (MADC) for Mara people in the southern-eastern corner. It is believed that the lake was created as a result of an earthquake or a flood. In horticulture and floriculture, Mizoram is a significant producer and global exporter of Anthurium (over 7 million a year) and roses. Is it safe to travel in Mizoram? However, they additionally have to register themselves with state police within 24 hours of arrival, a formality that most resorts can provide. The Mizos were particularly dissatisfied with the government's inadequate response to the 1959–60 mautam famine. The voter turnout was 80%. In 1971, the government agreed to convert the Mizo Hills into a Union Territory, which became Mizoram in 1972. [55] Muslims make up about 1.3% of the state population. The ARDA provides free access to the most authoritative religion statistics, data and church membership reports from around the world, including Christian statistics and adherents data. Mizoram is one of the wonderful states in Northeast India and Aizawl is the capital. The government of Mizoram declared that Christianity plays a very In Mizoram, where Christians account for over 87% of the state’s population, Hmingtei has company. Thousands of their descendants are now residents of Mizoram. By the time India gained independence from the British Empire, the number of tribal chiefs had increased to over 200. It originates in Chin state in Burma and passes through Saiha and Lawngtlai districts in the southern tip of Mizoram, goes back to Burma's Rakhine state. After agriculture, the major employer of its people include handloom and horticulture industries. [citation needed] In 1961, the Hindu population was about 6%. The predominant religion of Nagaland is Christianity.The state's population is 1.988 million, out of which 90.02% are Christians. India is going to conduct it’s population counting marathon exercise in 2020 and data will be published in 2021. 8 of 2014) was enacted on 10 July 2014 which received the assent of the governor of Mizoram on 11 July 2014 repealed the Mizoram Liquor Total Prohibition Act, 1995, except the Mizoram Excise and Narcotics (Wine) Rules, 2008. T. Raatan, Encyclopaedia of North-east India: Arunachal Pradesh Manipur Mizoram. It is the fifth smallest state of India with 21,087 km2 (8,142 sq mi). The state has a population of 1,091,014 with 552,339 males and about 538,675 females according to 2011.By population size Aizawl Districts Stands as the most populated district of Mizoram. In 1937, under Section 6 of the Scheduled District Act, the British administration[26] consolidated executive and legislative political power to the Deputy Commissioner and District Magistrates, with village chiefs in advisory role. In 2013, the state assembly unanimously passed a resolution to study the impact of liquor prohibition. These ethnic groups are collectively known as Mizos (Mi means People, Zo meaning the name of a progenitor ; Mizo thus is People of Zo origin[26]). [56], According to 2011 census, Mizoram had 1,036,115 people (95% of total) classified as Scheduled Tribe, the highest concentration of protected tribal people in all states of India. The Mizo National Famine Front, a body formed for famine relief in 1959, later developed into a new political organisation, the Mizo National Front (MNF) in 1961. In Mizoram state, Islam is followed by 1.35 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Buddhism by 8.51 % and Sikhism by 0.03 %. [46] Prominent birds spotted in Mizoram include those from the families of Phasianidae, Anatidae, Ciconiidae, Threskiornithidae, Ardeidae, Pelecanidae, Phalacrocoracidae, Falconidae, Accipitridae, Otididae, Rallidae, Heliornithidae, Turnicidae, Burhinidae, Charadriidae, Scolopacidae, Jacanidae, Laridae, Columbidae, Psittacidae, Cuculidae, Strigidae, Caprimulgidae, Apodidae, Alcedinidae, Meropidae, Bucerotidae, Ramphastidae, Picidae, Pittidae, Laniidae, Campephagidae, Dicruridae, Corvidae, Paridae, Hirundinidae, Cisticolidae, Pycnonotidae, Sylviidae, Timaliidae, Sittidae, Sturnidae, Turdidae, Dicaedae, Chloropseidae, Ploceidae, Motacillidae, Fringillidae, Nectariniidae and Muscicapidae. [9] Tropical semi-evergreen, tropical moist deciduous, subtropical broadleaved hill and subtropical pine forests are the most common vegetation types found in Mizoram. Economy of the state is poor and in terms of GDP Mizoram ranks at last position among all Indian states. [1], The Mizoram State Legislative Assembly has 40 seats and the Village Councils are the grassroots of democracy and leadership in Mizoram. [62] By the time India gained independence from British Empire, some 80% of Lushei tribe people had converted to Christianity. The religion influences the society as well as the culture of the Mizo people. At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 … B. Hamlet, Encyclopaedia of North-East India: Mizoram, Volume 5. Other problems faced by the state includes shortage of electricity, capital, telecommunication and export market access. [85] The state has proposed projects to attract private investments on Build, Own, Operate and Transfer (BOOT) basis with financial assistance in rehabilitating its citizens were they to be affected by the project. Sometimes grouped as Kuki-Chin tribes, The First batch were called Old Kukis which are the Biate and the Hrangkhol and the second batch that followed include Lushei (or Lusei), Paite, Lai, Mara, Ralte, Hmar, Thadou, Shendus, and several other. In 2020, India started settling persecuted Brus in the neighbouring state of Tripura to address the issue. It is seen as a means for generate food for one's family, ignoring its potential for commerce, growth and prosperity. Mizoram is a state in northeastern India, with Aizawl as its capital city. [61] Earlier there were significant Hindu population among the Reang (Bru) communities, but after the communal clash, many of them migrated to Tripura and Assam. The Centre For Policy Studies (CPS) has published its latest note on the Religion Data Census of 2011. In addition to these, there are several websites in local dialects. The first election of Mizoram Legislative Assembly was held on 16 February 1987. [17], The term Mizoram is derived from two Mizo words-Mizo and ram. at national and state level….. More. Econ., Vol 65, No. Socio-Economic Statistical Information about Mizoram. About 640 species of birds have been identified in the state, many of which are endemic to the Himalayan foothills and southeast Asia. The state produces about 5,200 metric tonnes of fish a year, about 12% of potential that can be sustainably achieved. [26] Elections have been held at 5 year intervals since then. Literacy rate in Assam has seen upward trend. [68], P. S. Sreedharan Pillai is the present governor of Mizoram. The crop area used for jhum cultivation rotates in Mizoram; that is, the area slashed and burnt for a crop is abandoned for a few years and then jhumias return to slash and burn the same plot after a few years of non-use. The state has a total of 4,300 kilometres of roads of which 927 kilometres are high quality national highways and 700 kilometres of state highways. Economic Facts about Mizoram. As per details from Census 2011, Mizoram has population of 10.97 Lakhs, an increase from figure of 8.89 Lakh in 2001 census. Beyond the major rivers, Mizoram has many small but perennial streams and rivulets with ideal condition for developing micro/mini and small hydroelectric projects. The predominant religion of Nagaland is Christianity.The state's population is 1.988 million, out of which 90.02% are Christians. izoram covers an area of approximately 21,087 square kilometres. They have developed a unique culture in the field of Music. [12] Its people belong to various denominations, mostly Presbyterian in the north and Baptists in the south. Mizoram has one Central University (Mizoram University), one engineering college (National Institute of Technology Mizoram) and one private university (a branch of the Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India). [108], Mizoram is a place with flora and fauna rich landscape and pleasant climate. The Mizos are peace loving and hospitable by nature, and the state is conveniently free from insurgency problems and tribal conflicts which are often witnessed in other north-eastern states. In 19th century, Britishers began to work in the Mizo hilly areas converting the majority of the population to Christian. The sex ratio of the state is 976 females per thousand males, higher than the national ratio 940. The tribal chiefs enjoyed an eminent position in the gerontocratic Mizo society. [10] This is the highest concentration of tribal people among all states of India, and they are currently protected under Indian constitution as a Scheduled Tribe. In Mizoram state, Islam is followed by 1.35 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Buddhism by 8.51 % … The density of population is 52 persons per square kilometre. In the 1950s, the fears of Assamese hegemony and perceived lack of government concern led to growing discontent among the Mizos. [81] The state government has acquired 127 acres of land in Khawnuam for development of the Indo-Myanmar border trade township. Mizoram has a Chakma Theravada Buddhist population of 8.5%, making them the largest minority, followed by Hindus at 2.7% according to the 2011 census. It became the 23rd state of India, a step above Union Territory, on 20 February 1987, with the Fifty-Third Amendment of the Indian Constitution, 1986. [49], Mizoram has a population of 1,091,014 with 552,339 males and 538,675 females. A district of Mizoram is headed by a Deputy Commissioner who is in charge of the administration in that particular district. These clans sometimes have slight linguistic differences. The ARDA offers recent U.S. and international survey findings, local, national and global profiles of religion, and detailed demographic reports and maps of religious and protestant denominations in America. Of the many schools of Buddhism that are exist recent time Theravada Buddhism in Mizoram. The culture of the Mizo tribes and its social structure has undergone tremendous change over 100 years, since the arrival of Christianity in the late 1890s. One such foundation cultural element of Mizo people was Hnatlang, states Hlawndo, which literally means social work, united labour or community labour (the word hna‘ means job or work in the Mizo language; and tlang‘ means together and mutual). The total population growth in this decade was 23.48 percent while in previous decade it was 29.18 percent. Music: The people of Mizoram play music for relaxation. The total population growth in this decade was 23.48 percent while in previous decade it was 29.18 percent. 3, July-Sept 2010, pp 335. Mizoram faces difficulties in the advancement of industries. And, in the next two decades of 1931 to 1951, nearly the whole of the tribal population of Mizoram was converted to … The state requires Inner Line Pass. 1 (, Dommen, A. J. Community establishments exist in urban centres that arrange social events, sports event, musical concerts, comedy shows and other activities. After India gained independence from the colonial rule, the region was granted autonomous status in 1952, where Mizo people formulated their own laws and delivered judicial decisions. Total population of Mizoram as per 2011 census is 1,097,206 of which male and female are 555,339 and 541,867 respectively. It was known as the Lushai Hills District of Assam before it was renamed the Mizo Hills District in 1954. Rintluanga Pachuau, Mizoram: A Study in Comprehensive Geography. Mizoram was the next State to be Christianised. [8] The state's gross state domestic product (GSDP) growth rate was nearly 10% annually over 2001-2013 period. The Mizo National Front led by Zoramthanga was elected to power. Lalthangliana B (2001) The History of Mizos in India, Burma and Bangladesh. There was a sudden spurt in the number and share of Christians in the population of this State during 1911-1931. In 2001, total population was 888,573 in which males were 459,109 while females were 429,464. [30] This group raised their demand for a separate state comprising all the hill districts of Assam. 2001), pp. There are eleven districts in Mizoram. Satellite data suggests 91% of state's geographical area is covered by forests. [86] If even half of this is realised, the state could supply all its citizens and industry with 24/7 electricity, as well as earn income by selling surplus power to the national grid. [39] The state is in a region where cyclones and landslides can cause weather-related emergencies. [38], Mizoram terrain is, according to the Geological Survey of India, an immature topography, and the physiographic expression consists of several almost north–south longitudinal valleys containing series of small and flat hummocks, mostly anticlinal, parallel to sub-parallel hill ranges and narrow adjoining synclinal valleys with series of topographic highs. Data have been collected since 1948 through a set of questionnaires dispatched annually to over 230 national statistical offices and have been published in the Demographic Yearbook collection. The state also shares a 722-kilometre border with the neighbouring countries of Bangladesh and Myanmar. [15] Mizoram has accomplished this horticulture success and exports in 2009, with just 6% of its cultivated land dedicated to horticulture and floriculture, indicating a large potential for further growth and economic integration with other Indian states as well export driven economy. Goswami, K., Choudhury, H. K., & Saikia, J. [34] About 76% of the state is covered by forests, 8% is fallows land, 3% is barren and considered uncultivable area, while cultivable and sown area constitutes the rest. historical times and there are approximately one hundred monasteries (known as vihara in Pali) in Mizoram. The note shows how the demographics of … ISBN: 9789351481072 9351481077: OCLC Number: 944441326: Notes: Originally presented as the author's thesis (Doctor of Theology--Serampore College (University)) under the title: Towards a tribal ecclesiology through a critical synthesis of select early Christian traditions and tribal cultural traditions of Northeast India, specially Mizoram. Mizoram has many traditional dances, such as: Mizo traditional tunes are very soft and gentle, with locals claiming that they can be sung the whole night without the slightest fatigue. Primates seen include stump-tailed macaque (Macaca arctoides), hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock), Phayre's leaf monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei) and capped langur (Trachypithecus pileatus). Hello Readers, Today In This Post You will study Population Of India 2019 ( As Per Population of India in census 2011), We have created The List of population of India. Specimen data tables. Print journalism remains a popular news medium in Mizoram; local newspapers include Vanglaini and The Zozam Times. Legend has it that a huge mustard plant once stood in this place. Economy of the state is poor and in terms of GDP Mizoram ranks at last position among all Indian states. Mizoram is a mountainous state nestling in the southern tip of the north-east region of India. In Mizoram, Christians now form 90 percent of the STpopulation. The educated elites among the Mizos campaigned against the tribal chiefdoms under the banner of the Mizo Union. Chapchar Kut was reintroduced and revived in 1973 by Mizo people to celebrate their heritage. In 2011 there were total 11,144 families residing in Saiha district. In 2008, the state had nearly 7,000 registered companies. Population Of India. [85], By 2014, the state had signed memorandums to build and add 835 MW of electricity generation projects – Tuivai SHP with VGF (210 MW) in Champhai district, Kolodyne-II SHP with NHPC (460 MW) in Siaha district, Bairabi with Sikaria Power (80 MW) in Kolasib district, Tuirini with SPNL (38 MW) in Aizawl district, and Tuivawl with SPML as well (42 MW) in Aizawl district.[86][87]. The tribal leaders in the northeast were unhappy with the final SRC recommendations and met in Aizawl in 1955 to form a new political party, Eastern India Tribal Union (EITU). As per 2021 Census of data Total literates in Mizoram stands at **** of which males were **** and females were ***. Tlawmngaihna as cultural concept incorporates behaviour that is self-sacrificing, self-denying, doing what an occasion demands unselfishly and without concern for inconvenience caused, persevering, stoical, stout-hearted, plucky, brave, firm, independent, loath to lose one's good reputation. Each village behaved like a small state, and the chief was called Lal. The state had 22 other colleges, and the total college enrolment was approximately 10,600 students in 2012. The dispute only saw final resolution in 1986. Rintluanga Pachuau, pagal Mizoram: A Study in Comprehensive Geography. The guitar is a popular instrument and Mizos enjoy country style music. The political and judiciary powers of chiefs were neither final nor exclusive, thereafter. Indian population religion wise 2019 - State wise. It is the 2nd least populous state in the country. Prior to 1947, the distance to Kolkata from Mizoram was shorter; but ever since, travel through Bangladesh has been avoided, and traffic loops through Assam an extra 1,400 kilometres to access the economic market of West Bengal. However, the turmoil for secession from India staged by MNF failed to garner any public support or participation from people. Of the birds found in Mizoram forests, 27 are on the worldwide threatened species lists and eight are on the critically endangered list. Of these, 42% are publicly owned and managed by Central/State governments, 28% are private without government subsidies, 21% are private with government subsidies, and the rest are primary and middle schools that are government financed by run by three Autonomous District Councils of Mizoram. Mizoram (English: /mɪˈzɔːrəm/ (listen)) is a state in northeastern India, with Aizawl as its capital city. Slash-and-burn jhum, or shifting cultivation, is the most common form of farming here, though it gives poor crop yields. The claim that 'The Kukis are the earliest known residents of the Mizo hills area,' must be read in this light. [114] However, it has been difficult to enforce the ban due to the high demand for alcohol. In 2012, the state had a demand for 107 MW of power, but had an effective installed capacity of only 29.35 MW. Le Mizoram est un État de l’Inde du Nord-Est ayant pour capitale Aizawl. Muslim Population in Mizoram is 14.83 Thousand (1.35 percent) of total 10.97 Lakhs. [24], Some of the earliest records of raids and intertribal conflicts are from the early 19th century. [citation needed], According to the 2011 census, there were 30,136 Hindus in Mizoram or about 2.75% of the population. The Mizos were particularly dissatisfied with the government's inadequate response to the 1959–60 mautam famine. Literacy rate in Assam has seen upward trend. 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