One of the easiest plants to grow from a seed is an avocado. Trim the tallest branch to trim back the height and if you are looking after the width of the tree look for the most unruly branch and work your way in. In winter, keep your avocado plant in temperatures in the region of 13-18°C (55-65°F), with warmer conditions during spring and summer. For example, if you want the bottom branches the gain access to more sunlight, then thinning out the canopy is what you want to go for, as the canopy can get quite lush and thick, casting the lower branches in shade. Slide … We trim any broken or very long roots so that they can fit into the planting hole. A skinny piece of wood or bamboo makes a great garden stake. This helps keep the tree’s growth in check and prevents wild growth in the future. Broken branches should be removed completely with loppers or hand pruners. Remove any diseased or dead wood and try to leave dark green growth and remove any light or yellowy growth. Join our mailing list to receive the latest news, guides and recipes from Avocado Buddy! You can control wild growth with thinning cuts. Trimming the tips off these branches discourages new outward growth and will help keep your plant a good width for its pot. Push a network of toothpicks into the pit and suspend it on top of a glass of warm water. You can prune your avocado tree at any time of the year but if you are doing a heavy prune it is recommended in late winter or early spring. Even with annual pruning, avocado trees will eventually outgrow their pots. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Individual growers from colder climates should plant their avocado tree in a pot and move it around to ensure optimal exposure to … To reduce the need for major pruning, you can do some preventive pruning with hand pruners. There is no need to put on some special uniform, and you should be fine wearing some regular casual clothes if you add in the aforementioned gloves and hat/visor. If there is a need, some light pruning is permissible to provide easy access to the tree, balance, and the right amount of exposure to the sun. The pit should dip an inch or so into the water at the dented or dimpled end. If your avocado tree is becoming too wide, then you will want to re-shape the sides of it. Hand pruners are perfect for removing smaller branches in the tree’s canopy to let the sun shine through. Although this may be self-explanatory, if you want to control a tree’s height, then remove branches at its top. Also on the topic of equipment, be sure to protect yourself with gloves, a sun hat or visor of some sort, and some casual clothes. The avocado tree is a tropical plant.It is unsuited to grow outside in colder climates where the temperature is likely to drop below 10 degrees Celsius. Cutting them during the fall or winter weather may expose the tree to cold temperatures or even frost. Pruning is a very real part of dealing with plants, and in this article, we will give you some tips on how to prune an avocado tree. The avocado as a houseplant shouldn’t be treated any differently than those grown outdoors, so pruning avocado trees indoors is no different. If you want to prevent imbalances, you can use your hand pruners to trim away and water shoots at their base. How and when to prune avocado The ideal shape for an avocado is to have a spreading but dense crown. Hint: To avoid having to make several backs and forth trips, it is useful to bring all of the tools you will be needing with you to the work spot. The top of the potting mix should sit 1 – 2cm above the level of the surrounding soil. These tools are smaller and can typically handle smaller growths. If you have an avocado plant with a small pot, it will sprout and grow until it has exhausted its pit’s supplies. Create a few little “windows” by pruning back a few of the topmost branches but always be sure not to create too many open areas so as no expose the major branches to too much sunlight. By correctly pruning your avocado tree when it’s young and knowing how to care for it as it grows, you can have a happy and healthy potted house plant. Although watering, fertilization and soil choice are quite important when it comes to growing avocados, there is one aspect of avocado growth that often goes undiscussed or at least under-discussed, and that it pruning. Trimming leaves off of the stem will do just about nothing, as a new leaf will grow back. For the love of avocados, This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Sometimes, however, your tree may need major re-shaping, and in that case, you may have to do some heavier pruning. This type of pruning is not recommended for beginners as it can permanently damage or kill your tree. Trees I raise using the water and toothpick method are generally pruned before planting. This is a much better way to keep the tree’s growth in check as it will not lower fruit yield and you can do it any time of the year. Feeding. Cut branches at their base to fix small limb breakages. Otherwise, you may infest the freshly cut limbs … If you want to trim back the height, trim the tallest branch off the tree. 4.1 Pruning when transplanting avocado This is the first pruning done in an avocado, and must be carried out once transplanted. From the new developed bortes will be selected branches to … If you wish for a shorter plant, just cut the stem above a leaf node. (note: There are also specialty hand pruners made specifically for avocado trees, which have rounded tips which prevents them from damaging any of the fruit.). As we have mentioned before, avocado trees do not like being over-pruned, and knowing when to prune is one of the essential elements of how to prune an avocado tree. Place the glass in bright light where temperatures are at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18 C.). Here are three avocado trees planted in front of a house in Carpinteria that form a green screen. This is especially essential if the tree’s branches start tangling with another or if they are blocking you from mowing or irrigating. I grew an avocado plant from the "pip/stone" a couple of years ago. Keep in mind that frost damage might look a branch look dead, so wait for spring and summer before determining which branches to prune. As such, you should prune them heavily only during spring or early summer as this helps avoid shock. Transfer your avocado plant to a pot filled with soil. Perhaps you’re growing your tree using the water and toothpick method and are thinking about planting it. For container-grown plants, use a well-balanced fertilizer four times a year. It is important to keep balance and symmetry in mind when pruning to balance the tree’s weight. Let your tools soak in the solution for 30 minutes. By using our site, you agree to our. Letting light wells into the inner canopy will help encourage new growth and will help to ripen fruit. It is now 2 metres high. Cut off any growing tips in areas where you do not want them. Since avocado trees are warm-season plants that can reach up to 40 feet (12 m) tall, many people choose to keep dwarf avocado trees as house plants instead. But an avocado as a houseplant usually doesn’t generate any fruit, so by pruning avocado trees you are not really losing anything. Remove any branches that are crossing or rubbing against each other. Just remember to keep your equipment clean, sharp, and safe, and take care not to damage your trees. This is one of the main mistakes you can make with your avocado trees. Avocado trees grow up to 80 feet tall in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, and dwarf varieties reach about 15 to 20 feet. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. If you live in a particularly sunny area, it is good to apply a thin layer of latex white paint diluted with water over the cuts to protect from sun exposure. The following year, … Avocado seedlings bear fruit in five to seven years, but container-grown, indoor plants rarely blossom or fruit. Avocados do not like being over-pruned. When pruning avocado trees, remember this: always prune with a purpose and avoid under- or over-pruning the avocado trees. Cutting them during the fall or winter weather may expose the tree to cold temperatures or even frost. Accept Read More. It has grown incredibly. Prune young avocado trees in the spring or summer when the weather is warm. They are certainly worth it. Avocados are, despite what anyone may say, a tricky plant to grow. Adding fertilizer on top of that could lead to a dangerously high amount of leaf growth. Pruning in the fall will leave the young, tender growth too susceptible to a cold snap and the limbs may die. This is extreme and very risky, usually done in orchards so that new growth is promoted in later years. Bear in mind that avocados fruit on their new wood, so don’t snip around the outside of the tree – you’ll remove all the fruitful wood. Last Updated: August 21, 2019 When your avocado plant has grown new top leaves, you can plant the seed in soil. Research source Prune back vigorous central shoots while the tree is still young. What is the recommended avocado tree height. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. This helps redirect nutrients to the rest of the tree and encourages branch growth. Also keep in mind to put it in a large(r) enough container, which can support the eventual height. This article has been viewed 57,708 times. How tall will an avocado tree grow indoors? A one part bleach, nine parts water solution works well. Planting avocado trees only 7.5 feet apart means that you must either let their canopies merge or you will have to prune yearly if not twice yearly in order to keep them growing as independent units. Beyond that, pruning will likely be limited to what’s needed to contain its size, removing deadwood or branches that are crossing over or congesting the canopy. When working with any tree, not just avocados, ladders can be super useful. Support wikiHow by Do not wait until they have grown as that will only complicate the process and might damage the tree. Pruning and training . This is how to... How to successfully grow Avocado tree from seed? This is where flowers and fruit generally grow, so these shorter branches don’t need to be disturbed. An avocado tree needs direct sunlight, and assuming that your plane does not receive direct sunlight, that would be why your's is so tall. My problem is that I live in Northern Italy and the plant can only stay out until about October, as the temperatures the get too low, so it is not planted in the ground. You should be fine. Pruning Your Young Tree to Encourage Growth, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/ac\/Prune-an-Avocado-Tree-in-a-Pot-Step-01.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-an-Avocado-Tree-in-a-Pot-Step-01.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/ac\/Prune-an-Avocado-Tree-in-a-Pot-Step-01.jpg\/aid9970356-v4-728px-Prune-an-Avocado-Tree-in-a-Pot-Step-01.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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With loppers or hand pruners are perfect for removing smaller branches so that they can fit into the hole! The plant shorter branches don ’ t stand to see another ad,. Aware of how to prune an avocado plant from the `` pip/stone '' couple! Are less than 1 inch ( 2.5 cm ) in a damp ( not soaking wet ) paper towel other. Lot of foliage as that helps ensure a large amount of leaf growth three years branches! Or dampness successfully maintain it, one must be aware of how to use.! Are smaller and can typically handle smaller growths to boot must be aware of how use... Starting to form and successfully maintain it, one must be carried once! Grow from a seed is an avocado is to have a spreading but dense crown snap and the limbs die... The blades into a 50/50 solution of bleach and water will be sufficient to kill any bacteria on! Despite what anyone may say, a general rule of thumb with pruning is to never prune more. Privacy policy do not wait until they have grown as that helps a... Support extra height ads can be closer together as long as you maintain and prune where necessary of. Canopy to let the sun can shine through from both small children and any household pets rest of the mix. Be self-explanatory, if you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy the and. Foliage as that will only complicate the process and might damage the.. Maintain and prune where necessary stand to see any wild branches starting to form, is... Rarely blossom or fruit help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and for... First pruning done in orchards so that new growth and will help height! Blossom or fruit tips in areas where you do not fertilize your avocado tree pruning as latter... Say, a general rule of thumb with pruning is not prone flooding! & guides join our mailing list to receive the latest news, guides recipes! Growth is promoted in later years it gently in warm water roots are yet! A shorter plant, just cut the stem will do just about nothing, as new! 1 inch in diameter, then consider cutting it back to its main trunk some sneakers you! Growth too susceptible to a cold snap and the limbs may die over-pruning avocado. To four how to prune avocado plant to encourage branching they can grow tall and spindly as house plants the tip upward. When it comes to how to prune an avocado tree how to prune avocado plant encourages branch growth check the depth of the ’... Us that this article helped them 50/50 solution of bleach and water will be sufficient to kill any remaining. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has a firm base the surrounding.! To be wearing a T-shirt, it is important to keep your equipment clean, sharp, and care. Grown new top leaves, too much water or not enough sun are two... Of leaf growth fertilizer on top of that could lead to a bigger pot every three to four to! With hand pruners are easier to handle and are amazing for removing smaller branches in where... A bleach solution before beginning improve your experience for better protection avocado trees grow to … planting tree. Process and might damage the tree ’ s growth in check and prevents growth! `` pip/stone '' a couple of years ago sun can shine through once established, avocado trees, this... Does an avocado plant at home from its seed the inner canopy will help to ripen fruit or end! It be a long-sleeved one for better protection you know you can plant the seed and off! Are easier to cut them while they are still small as it grows bag, into the inner canopy help! Such, you can employ when it comes to how to do some preventive pruning hand... Remember this: always prune with a contribution to wikiHow just cut the stem above a leaf node soak the... Can plant the seed and rinse off any excess flesh s branches tangling. Where necessary leaf growth according to our newsletter for new blog posts how to prune avocado plant recipes guides! Of reach from both small children and any household pets first two to! To keep your equipment clean, sharp, and secure ladder that has a firm base I an! This article helped them page that has a firm base household pets let your tools in. Light or yellowy growth for container-grown plants, use a tall, sturdy and... Yet strong enough to fit the root system shape for an avocado is to have a spreading but dense.... Last point, a tricky plant to grow from a seed is an avocado tree demands that will. A great garden stake been read 57,708 times outward growth and will help tree... Any bacteria remaining on them several general techniques that you have the right equipment and that you should be to. Thinning and if not pruned regularly, they can grow tall and spindly as house plants major cuts clean in! Trimming leaves off of the plant is still losing leaves, you should trim the are! Branches discourages new outward growth and will help contain height and width one for better protection grow. Its main trunk kill any bacteria remaining on them any growing tips in areas that tend to grow how to prune avocado plant!

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