Note where Moses was tending the sheep when he came to Horeb. Mount Sinai (alt. Richard Nelson, Deuteronomy: A Commentary, p 386: As far as the overarching narrative in the Hebrew bible is concerned, Mount Sinai and Mount Horeb are the same mountain; they each identify the location where God formed his covenant with Israel after their escape from Egypt. Was the instruction to build the ark given after the destruction of the two tablets of stone as alluded in Deuteronomy 10:1-2? Mt. 5:2; 2 Chron. This term is chiefly used in Deuteronomy, though Sinai also occurs ( Deuteronomy 33:2 ). Today's Sinai peninsula was within the borders and control of ancient Egypt, and in order to completely depart from Egypt, the Israelites had to depart, completely, from the Sinai peninsula also. So to answer your question: They are not interchangeable; they refer to different places in the same area. We greatly appreciate your consideration! Mt. There are mountain massifs on both sides of Aqaba. Is it true and is it biblical? What is the significance of Mount Horeb in the Bible? Also check out 1 Kings Ch. Mt. That branch of water being closest, the whole Red Sea of today is synonymous with the Sea of Reeds. Horeb is where the Israelites made the golden calf (Psalm 106:19) and we know that they did this at Mount Sinai (Ex.32:8; 34:2). Which are the other tests/complaints mentioned in Numbers 14:22? It is not physically possible for the Israelites to both encamp at the mountain falsely called Sinai in Egypt, and to completely depart from Egypt at the same time. Horeb, the very name given to Mt. This seems to be what the translators of the Septuagint believed, and they lived in Egypt and likely the best source for the name, though livihg many centuries later. For some reason, the Israelites decide to encamp in Horeb and not advance all the way to Mt. [1] In the Book of Deuteronomy, these events are described as having transpired at Mount Horeb. Zion both are real places, but they are also symbolic. When YEHOVAH God first spoke to Moses regarding the great work of leading the people out of their Egyptian bondage Recall Jethro and Reuel, Moses' father-in-law. The same spot known as Mt Moriah.Mt Moriah, the temple mount, and Calvary are all on the same limestone ridge, same mountain. Some people go by two or more names, and some places do too. See Exodus 3:1, 14 and Exodus 33:6. Sinai. By the way, your verses cited need correction: It is Psalm 106:19 (not Psalms – the plural is for multiple Psalms) There is no Exodus 18:31, your reference should be Jerusalem is on this Mt… Mt. Sinai in Arabia was northeast of the Gulf of Aqaba at Mt Baghir. “From Mount Horeb” (Exodus 33:6), how should we understand the preposition “from” in context? But it is described elsewhere as being in Arabia, more properly on the east side of the gulf. "Sinai" and "Horeb" are generally considered to refer to the same place by scholars. Although the Book of Psalms only has a sample set of three uses total, the book is a composite text of many traditions and ideas, so it's unsurprising to see each name used (in separate psalms). Discover Mount Horeb in Saudi Arabia: Site where Moses may have received the Ten Commandments. It is generally translated as crossing the Red Sea where specifically the Sea of Reeds is mentioned in the Hebrew text. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe. The names are used interchangably in Exodus itself. Let’s take a look at some of the verses.  Horeb is called “the mountain of God,” (Ex. Read any Bible throughout most of history in translation. Yet, the two names come from alternate exodus traditions, which were weaved together by the editorial process which produced 'the Torah'. Covenant with his people at Horeb ( Deut if we go the the Bible more in... 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