The government spent over it more than seventy lakhs. At first Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq wanted to make an assessment of the total income and expenditure of the country. Though the scheme failed disastrously during his reign, yet it had a long term impact. And again he had the ambition to conquer distant countries which would require a good deal of money. In order to bring an improvement in agriculture, Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq decided to undertake a number of measures and he, therefore established a department of agriculture called Diwan-i-kohi. This made the situation more deplorable. (xv) Use of paper begun in medieval period. Mahmud Gawan A. Though the Hindu raja of Karajal accepted the Suzerinty of Delhi, but considering to the amount of loss, it can be described that the Karajal expedition was an unsuccessful adventure of Sultan. A broad road was constructed for their convenience. The great Bahmani king, Firuz (1397–1422), for example, encouraged botany, geometry, and logic. The government took no steps to prevent this. As regards to his foreign expeditions, he was seen as a great failure. The great Bahmani king, Firuz (1397–1422), for example, encouraged botany, geometry, and logic. Only (iii)C. (i) & (iii)D. (i) & (ii)ExplanationYukti Kalpa Taru : The treatise gives a technocratic exposition on the techniques of shipbuilding, providing minute details on various types of ships, their sizes along with materials from which they were built. Question 6:Which of the following vessel(s) or ship(s) was/were used in warfare during ancient times? He did it in-order-to introduce a uniform standard of land revenue as well as to assess every village of his kingdom. (x) Astrnomy- Feroz Shah Tughlaq established an observatory in Delhi & Feroz Shah Bahamani at Daulatabad. Assumed the title of ‘Haindava Dharmoddharak’ Died in 1680. (viii) Faizi, in Akbar’s court also translated Bhaskara’s Beejaganita. (vii) Indians had expertise in extraction of metals form ore & its casting, which India could have borrowed form Mesopotamia. (x) Arabs called mathematics “Hindisat” or Indian art. A. India also has a fair share in enriching the world’s material culture. (vii) Value of Pi given by him is much more accurate than that given by the Greeks. Established after bitter disputes with Jains; Foreign Invasions Mahmud of Ghazni. Token Currency (A. D. 1329-30) The age of Muhammad-bin-Tughluq is considered a very significant epoch in … But during the time Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq a huge quantity of coins was required for various transactions and there was a dearth of gold and silver coins in the country. Thirdly Delhi was nearer to the North-Western frontier which was exposed to Mongol invasions. Firoz Shah Tughaq established observation posts at Delhi. BrahmaguptaD. The increase of taxation in the Doab Region was an ill measured step on the part of the Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. ChessExplanationThe earliest precursor of modern chess is a game called chaturanga, which flourished in India by the 6th century. He was surely one of the extraordinary kings. unlike his MODERN COUNTER PART, and the ‘TUGHLUQ REFORMS’ were not the part of any Machiavellian-Koudillya thanthra (Chanakya Thanthra ). He built observatories at Daulatabad; According to Faristha, he married Deva Rai's daughter; He built the city of Firozabad, situated on the bank of river Bhima; He was a great Calligra-pher; Ahmad Shah Wali (1422-1436) He shifted his capital from Gulbarga to Bidar in 1424; He was called 'Wali' because he was a great follower of Gesudheraj; Karajal was a Hindu kingdom located between India and China. (viii) Jyotisa part of Aryabhattiya- deals with astronomical definitions, method of determining true position of planets, movement of Sun & Moon and calculation of eclipses. Smith have agreed that the Sultan Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq was affected by some degree of insanity. 1) Last great ruler who transferred the capital from Gulbarga to Bidar. That is why right from the beginning of his rule; he decided to take some bold reformative measures for the improvement as well as safeguard of the country. Since this event took place during the summer season and the journey was rigorous one, many people died on the way. Some of the Sanskrit terminologies used during ancient times for various parts of the ship are: SHIP BUILDING AND NAVIGATION(i) Sanskrit & Pali literature- mention of ship building & navigation activities. He was also encouraged by Qublai Khan, the ruler of China and Ghazan Khan, the ruler of Persia who had successfully experimented with a token currency. In 1329,[///*** After all Tughluq was educated! It was found a huge amount of foreged copper coins in the market as a result of private minting. Nitin Singhania: Summary of Science and Technology Through The Ages UPSC Notes | EduRev notes for UPSC is made by best teachers who have written some of the best books of Whatever may be the fact Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq ordered for the transfer of capital in 1327 A.D. It has gotten 21 views and also has 4.9 rating. Mehendra Suri, a court astronomer of Firoz Shah developed an astronomical instrument calledYantraja.ParameshvaraandMahabhaskariyawerefamousfamiliesofastronomers and almanac … Question 8:Chaturanga, a sport in ancient times is presently played by the name- A. JudoB. And again during the time of his father Sultan Giyasuddin Tughlaq he led the imperial forces to Telengana and Warrangal. He was one of the most remarkable rulers of his time. Many of them went to jungles and joined the Gang of robbers. Strong secular traditions were followed by Sultans of peninsular India. He promised to exchange silver coins for bronze coins. Many of those who reached Daulatabad felt home sick because the land and climate were not suitable to their health and they were also reminded of their dear birth place where they had lived generations together. (ii) Book Siddhanta Shiromani is divided into four sections:- Lilavati (dealing with Arithmetic)- Beejganita (dealing with Algebra)- Goladhyaya (about spheres)- Grahaganita (mathematics of planets. Nagarjuna was an Indian metallurgist and alchemist. He recruited one lakh soldiers for this purpose and paid them one year’s salary in advance. (c) Agramandira - vessels used for warfare. The government treasury was filled with bronze or copper coins. (a) Muhammad Bin Tughlak (b) Feroz Shah Tughlak (c) Feroz Shah Bahmani (d) Ahmed Shah Bahmani 47.Who was the first Portuguese Governor General of India? Both (a) & (b)D. Neither (a) nor (b)ExplanationSushruta flourished c. 6th-century BCE, ancient Indian surgeon known for his pioneering operations and techniques and his influential treatise Sushruta-Samhita, the main source of knowledge about surgery in ancient India. Transfer of the capital from Delhi to Devagari (Daultabad) has the most controversial step of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. He therefore issued an ordinance for the compilation of a register showing the incomes and expenditures of the provinces. Marathas. However the people were asked to shift. Neither his selection of the place Devagiri as a site of capital nor his act of shifting the entire population of Delhi was welcomed by any historian. Peasants unwilling and unable to pay tax, fled away from the villages and Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq took harsh measures to capture and punish them. Hence, it was an invention not by John Napier but by Mahaviracharya. 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