He explored areas to the north, looking for a Fountain of Youth, and landed on a peninsula on the coast of North America, which he named Florida. However, since the beginning of the 16th century, the Indians were obliged to support a new Spanish population by their work, services, and food gathering. After the conquest, Sandoval was richly rewarded with lands and gold but died young of an illness. For the Spanish, the expedition to Mexico was part of a project of Spanish colonization of the New World after twenty-five years of permanent Spanish settlement and further exploration in the Caribbean. However, from the very practical point of view, the conquistadors’ methods and attitudes were extremely closely related to those of the Vatican’s military-confessional campaigns in the Middle East against the Muslims, in South Europe against the heretic Cathars, or in the Baltics against the local pagans like Prussians and Lithuanians up to 1410 (the Battle of Tannenberg) by the Teutonic Order. In many cases, the local Indians in order to save their lives were running to the hills from their villages, and for those who left there were only two options: death or forced labor. These conquistadors invaded and conquered lands in the Americas and the Caribbean from the … According to de Las Casas in his expression of grief written to the Spanish King Phillip II (1556−1598, who became the King of Portugal in 1580 as well), the Spanish colonists have been treating the native Indians worse than animals, having little concern for their souls as for the bodies. Columbus first landing in the Bahamas (1492) until the mid-16th century was probably the most terrible period of genocide in the world’s history but, nevertheless, for sure, it was the first genocide in the global history of Modern Time. Although the vast majority of the conquistadors came from Spain, … The last aspect of Spanish colonial society that I wanna point out is the racial caste system that developed in the New World. Afonso de Albuquerque is one of the most famous Portuguese conquerors, having expanded the Portuguese Empire 's rule across India, the Persian Gulf, the East Indies, China, and Oceania. Well, the answer is far more simple – they were soldiers, more specifically disfranchised, professional soldiers. It is important to say that the philosopher and Roman Catholic theologian Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda justified the Spanish behaving with the Indians by warring against them using the reference to the pope’s blessing of the Spaniard venture in the Americas. It is true that Ch. For what primary purpose did the spanish enslave any American Indians? Many Indian laborers fell victim to the plague but no one took care of them or get them food. Known by the natives as "Tonatiuh," or "Sun God" for his blonde hair, Alvarado was Cortés' most trusted lieutenant, and the one Cortés trusted to explore and conquer lands to the south of Mexico. In conclusion, the Spaniards did not with purpose transmitted different kinds of diseases to the Indians, but so many died of these diseases as a cause of the harsh living and working conditions imposed on them by the Spanish conquerors. After Columbus brought news of the new world to Europe many people went to the new world in search of land and riches. Essentially, most of them were the remnants of the veritable standing army of 16th centurySpain – men wh… historical sources, that the Spanish conquistadors with purpose infected the autochthonous peoples of the Americas, but on the other hand, the Iberians imposed living conditions upon the American Indians which made them more vulnerable to the imported diseases. He took with him back to Spain 20 Indian captives and promised the Spanish monarchs that he would bring them such great wealth that the King and the Queen could be able to finance new Crusades for the sake to liberate Jerusalem from the Muslims. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Similarly, it was done in Cuba where Spaniards established their control in 1511. What the Conquistadors Brought to the New World. Atahualpa agreed to a ransom and soon all the gold and silver of the mighty Empire was flowing into Pizarro's possession. Desiderio Hernández Xochitiotzin/Public Domain. Alien microbes traveled more quickly compared to the West European conquerors themselves. Pizarro was killed by the son of a former rival in 1541. Playing off Inca factions against one another, Pizarro made himself master of Peru by 1533. What Did Spanish Conquistadors Bring to the New World? They were separated from their families and normal support systems being beaten, brutalized, and deprived of free movement – in one word, being the slaves. Consequently, Native Americans should not be deprived of their freedom and the ownership of their property. The Great Lady. Spanish explorers with hopes of conquest in the New World were known as conquistadores. However, in practice, for the reason of the absence of the fortune that he hoped to find there for both his sovereigns Ferdinand II and Isabella I and himself, he turned to the Indians themselves and their labor as a source of wealth. Not All of Them Were Spanish. When Ch. The Swift Success of the Conquistadors . He is a former head writer at VIVA Travel Guides. It practically meant that the Spaniards had the “divine” right to rule over the Indians and moreover to dispose of their lives in any way they proper for them. It was soon followed by forcing them to do harsh physical works that were fully exploited by the Spaniards. Columbus and his conquistadors killed native elites and forced the native into forced labor in both mines and on the land. While in the jungle, Aguirre went mad and began murdering his companions. Similar truth was about women too. Columbus did not come to the Americas to enslave or destroy its native peoples as he arrived just for gold, silver, and riches. For instance, B. de Las Casas clearly wrote that sheer greed (especially for the gold and silver) was the focal stimulus that was behind the criminal deeds committed by the Spanish colonial authorities. There were several reasons for such a demographic catastrophe of the Native Americans. The only remaining Muslim state on the peninsula (in fact, since 1249) was the Emirate of Granada. Columbus first landed on the Bahamian Island of Santa Maria de la Conception he met there very peaceful, friendly, and hospitable native inhabitants. Nevertheless, as proper and functional colonial administrations have been established their role and activities diminished and finally disappeared. That was a night before the battle of 312 near Rome against Maxentius. You probably had to be a little crazy … The natives rebelled on several occasions, but Pizarro and his brothers always managed to put these insurrections down. Many view them as brutal and believe what they did to the natives to be barely human. They brought Catholicism, a religion the Indians didn’t understand. 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