Earlier, Hooda had announced to carve out a separate Sikh gurdwara management committee for the Sikhs in Haryana. In Sirmaur and Solan, the other two districts with significant Sikh presence, their share in the population has somewhat improved over 2001. During 2001-11, the Sikhs have recorded negative growth in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, Manipur and Andaman & Nicobar Islands also. Another 11 lakh Sikhs are in the neighbouring States of Jammu & Kashmir and Rajasthan. In Una district that accommodates 26 thousand of 78.6 thousand Sikhs in the State, the different between the growth of Sikhs and Hindus is much larger at 11.28 and 16.40 percent, respectively. Of 12.4 lakh Sikhs in Haryana, 4.9 lakhs are in the western Sirsa and Fatehabad districts, and another 6.2 lakhs are in the six northern districts of Panchkula, Ambala, Yamunanagar, Kurukshetra, Kaithal and Karnal, which adjoin Punjab and have a strong Punjabi presence. In several districts of the State, including Kaithal, Panipat, Sonipat, Jind, Hisar, Bhiwani, Rohtak, Jhajjar, Mahendragarh and Mewat, the Sikhs have registered negative growth. Hooda, keeping an eye on the Sikh vote bank, said his government would endeavour to popularise the language. Notwithstanding the general impression of Sikhs being present everywhere, their presence outside the Punjab and its neighbourhood is not very high. The presence of the Sikhs in these two States was slowly rising as seen in the Table here. 90% of all Sikhs in the world live in India. In Haryana the share of Sikhs has been declining since 1961 and in Chandigarh since 1971. They have also improved their share in some of the smaller States like Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Goa and Puducherry; but in these States, the total numbers involved are small. It had increased from 0.38 percent in 1961 to 0.51 percent in 2001. Hinduism constitutes 87.46% of Haryana population. In Punjab, the share of Sikhs was continuously rising up to 1991. Besides Punjab, the neigh­bouring state of Haryana accommodates about 6 per cent of the total population of the Sikhs. They make up to one third of the population in Mirpur (Jammu and Kashmir), Gujranwala Multan, Muzaffargarh, Manipuri, Bahawalpur, Patkiala, Faridkot (Punjab) Rohtak and Mahendragarh (Haryana) A popular occupation among them is farming. Such contraction in the demographic presence of a religiously valuable and politically sensitive community should be a matter of a great concern. It is important to seriously study the phenomenon, look into the causes of decline and take appropriate steps to ensure that the community retains its significant place both in and outside Punjab. At 22 million individuals, Indiahas the largest Sikh population. The decline during 2001-11 has been much sharper than in the previous decade of 1991-2001. Sikhism is the fourth largest religion in India and is concentrated in the state of Punjab with some spread to Haryana, Delhi NCR, Rajasthan, and Uttarakhand. The 14 States listed here account for all but about 2.34 lakh Sikhs in the country. But in their home region of Punjab and its neighbourhood, the female-male ratio of Sikhs is considerably better than others. In Rajasthan, the growth of Sikhs has declined sharply from 26.07 percent in 1991-2001 to 6.66 percent in 2001-11. In Jharkhand, their number has declined by more than 14 percent between 2001 and 2011; and their growth has been negative in all but two districts of the State. Dr. J.K. Bajaj is Director, Centre for Policy Studies and author of several books including the landmark “Indian Demographics.”, Copyright IndiaFacts Research Centre - 2015, IndiaFacts Webinar: Hinduphobia on Wikipedia, Know Who the Real Fascists Are: The Harsh Mander Video, The Bhattacharjee Chronicles – I: How to Take Over a Country and Reformat its Civilisation, Not Oppressed: A Statement of Shudra Pride. In the State as a whole, the growth of Sikhs at 13.37 percent has been lower than that of Hindus at 18.68 percent; but both have registered much lower growth than the Muslims at 26.12 percent and the Christians at 75.53 percent. Muslims are predominantly found in the Mewat or Nuh locale. Thus contrary to the popular perception, the Sikh presence in India is not really very widespread. In the following, we try to document the various dimensions of this decline. NSE Gainer-Large Cap . The Growth rate of Sikhism fell down to 8.4 % from previous figure of 16.98 %. In Punjab, the ratio for the Sikhs is 906 compared to 879 for the Hindus and 862 for the Muslims; in Haryana, it is 903 for the Sikhs compared to 876 for the Hindus; in Chandigarh, it is 940 for the Sikhs compared to 803 for the Hindus and 721 for the Muslims; and, in Delhi, it is 938 for the Sikhs compared to 865 for the Hindus and 855 for the Muslims. Sikhs number about 25 million worldwide, and approximately 83% of them live in India. The decline in the share and numbers of Sikhs, especially during 2001-11, cannot be easily explained. Can secularism meet its end in India, that is Bharat? CHANDIGARH, Punjab—Hindu right-wing political party Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is repeating Congress’ history of harassing Sikhs in Haryana by debarring them from passing through this state to stage a protest at New Delhi against contentious farm laws introduced by Central Government led by the saffron party on November 26 and 27. In Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur and Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahar) districts, they now form less than one third of the population; and they are in a minority in Gurdaspur and Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar (Mohali) districts. As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in Haryana state. It was happening for a few decades, but the phenomenon has become considerably pronounced now. In Punjab, the share of Sikhs rose significantly between 1961 and 1971, perhaps as a consequence of the reorganisation, and again between 1981 and 1991. Visit Search Gurbani, Encyclopedias encapsulate accurate information in a given area of knowledge and have indispensable in an age which the volume and rapidity of social change are making inaccessible much that outside one’s immediate domain of concentration.At the time when Sikhism is attracting world wide notice, an online reference work embracing all essential facets of this vibrant faithis a singular contribution to the world of knowledge. The proportion of Sikhs in the district has therefore declined from 5.21 to 4.99 percent. An account of these visits is available in the works of Macauliffe and the Sikh traditional literature of Bhai Santokh Singh who had received instruction in Hindu religion from a Pandit of Kaul (in Kurukshetra Distt. The high presence of Sikhs in these tarai districts along the border of Nepal is a consequence of a planned effort to establish agriculture in this forested region. Notwithstanding the general impression of Sikhs being present everywhere, their presence outside the Punjab and its neighbourhood is not very high. In the two decades since then, their share has declined by more than 5 percentage points, from 62.95 percent in 1991 to 57.69 percent in 2011. In Delhi also the share of Sikhs has been continuously declining and has come down from 7.67 percent in 1961 to 3.40 percent in 2011. This contraction of a community that is religiously valuable and strategically sensitive ought to be a matter of serious concern. Add your answer and earn points. The rate of growth of Sikhs outside Punjab has been merely 4.42 percent. In the two States together, they have recorded negative growth of -1.15 percent compared to the considerable growth of 31.71 percent during 1991-2001 and of 47.34 percent during 1981-91. During 2001-11, their growth at 10.42 percent is only slightly below the growth of the total population at 12.94 percent and that of Hindus at 12.63 percent. The data indicates not only a decline in the share of Sikhs, particularly in the Punjab and its neighbourhood, but also a widespread contraction of the absolute number of Sikhs in several States and a large number of districts across the country. There indeed are some Sikhs in far off regions like Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar, etc., but there they form one among many other communities that have migrated to these regions from different parts of India. Within this region, the gender ratio of Sikhs is in fact much better than that of other communities, as seen in the Table here. The major part of the decline in the growth of Sikhs is, of course, contributed by Punjab, where more than 75 percent of the Sikhs of India live. Earlier, Hooda had announced to carve out a separate Sikh gurdwara management committee for the Sikhs in Haryana. The Sikh population in Haryana is close to one crore, though the number of Punjabi-speaking population could be much higher. Substantial communities of Sikhs live in the Indian states or union territories of Chandigarh where they form 13.11% of the population, Haryana (over 1.2 million), Rajasthan, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Jammu and Kashmir. The decline in the share of Sikhs has been happening for a while now, but the widespread contraction that has happened during 2001-11 seems new. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan . The total figure of population living in urban areas is 8,842,103 of which 4,720,728 are males and while remaining 4,121,375 are females. Table 2: Comparitive Sex-ratio,child sex ratio,literacy of Haryana Districts:2001 and 2011 ( Format :doc, Size :26 kB ) 5. Sikhs have recorded decadal growth of 8.42 percent as against 16.76 percent of the Hindus and 17.72 percent of the total population. If we correct for these exclusions by interpolating the numbers for these two censuses, then we get the figures as shown in the Table here. In the Table here, we have compiled the number of Sikhs as counted in the seven decennial Censuses since 1951. During the last decade, they have actually registered negative growth and their absolute numbers have declined in all districts except Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, Alwar, Bundi and Udaipur. This is the first time since the creation of the current reorganised State of Punjab, when the Sikhs outside Punjab have grown slower than those in Punjab. The greatest concentrations of Jats are found in districts of Punjab and Haryana. In May 2009, the Punjab and Haryana High Court ruled in a landmark case on defining Sikh identity. But in the last decade of 2001-11, the growth of Sikhs outside Punjab has declined to just 4.42 percent from 26.52 percent of the previous decade. During 2001-11, they have grown by merely 2.70 percent, while the total population of the Capital has grown by 21.21 percent and that of Hindus by 20.73 percent. But, that does not explain the rather low growth of only 2.70 percent in the Sikh population during the last decade. Ganganagar and Hanumangarh, as we have mentioned earlier, accommodate nearly 80 percent of all Sikhs in Rajasthan. In Mandi, Bilaspur, Shimla and Kinnaur districts, however, the Sikhs have registered negative growth. The Sehajdhari Sikh Party which is a registered political party by the EC of India has hailed the decision of the Union Govt. Incidentally, the Muslim share here has also increased from 2.72 to 4.87 percent in these two decades; in 1961, their share was only 1.22 percent. Of 8.7 lakh Sikhs in Rajasthan, about 6 lakhs are in Ganganagar and Hanumangarh districts that border the southwestern districts of Punjab. Haryana government nominates 41 people as members of Haryana Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee 23 Jul, 2014, 10.42 PM IST. Of about 8 lakh Sikhs beyond this larger neighbourhood of Punjab, 5.7 lakh are in Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand of central India and in Maharashtra and Gujarat of western India; only about 2.3 lakhs Sikhs are in the remaining parts of India. Hooda, keeping an eye on the Sikh vote bank, said his government would endeavour to popularise the language. So, the population in 2019 as per estimated data = 28.6984 Million. Another substantial comm… During the last decade of 2001-11, the gap between the growth of Sikhs and the rest of the population has become very wide and their share in India has now reached below their share of 1.74 percent recoded in the first Census after Independence and Partition. Several Sikh Gurus visited Kurukshetra and other parts of Haryana and in their memory various Gurudwaras were built here. Haryana Urban Population 2011 Out of total population of Haryana, 34.88% people live in urban regions. Sagar Tiwari 62,346 views. A vast majority (84.45%) of population in Haryana are Hindu followers. After 1981, however, the rate of growth of Sikhs began to lag behind that of the Hindus and the total population; and, the share of Sikhs in the population of India began to slowly decline. Visit World Gurudwaras, SearchGurbani brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. Talked to spirits by k2 EMF Meter Hond chillar 1984 sikh riots (Rewari - Haryana) Sagar Tiwari - Duration: 23:03. Of the remaining 48 lakh Sikhs, 14.6 lakh are in Haryana, Chandigarh and Himachal Pradesh, which formed part of the Punjab prior to its reorganisation in the sixties. There are only about 1.3 lakh Sikhs in the remaining 13 districts of the State. In Udham Singh Nagar, which accommodates two-thirds of all Sikhs in the State, Sikhs have grown by 15.06 compared to the growth of 32.62 percent of the Hindus, 46.33 percent of Muslims and 56.29 percent of Christians. In fact, the share of Sikhs has declined in all major States, except Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Haryana has the second biggest population of Sikhs in the country after the state of Punjab. Delhi, as we have seen, accommodates a fairly large number of Sikhs. In Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, though the number of Sikhs in the State as a whole has not declined yet their numbers have declined in a very large number of districts within these States. Their rate of growth in Punjab was fairly high up to 1991; after that there has been a rapid decline. Unlike Punjab, the share of Sikhs in Haryana has been declining continuously since the formation of the State. There are only about 1.3 lakh Sikhs in the remaining 13 districts of the State. But in these districts also Sikhs have grown much slower than the other communities, and their share in the population has contracted everywhere. Some impression of the limited presence of Sikhs outside Punjab can be had from the fact that the 2011 Census counts less than 3 thousand Sikhs in the huge metropolis of Chennai and about a thousand in Coimbatore. DEMOGRAPHY OF HARYANA: As shown by the 2011 specification, Hindus (87%) constitute the majority of the state’s population with Sikhs (4.91%) and Muslims (7.03%). Thus, in relative terms, the size of Sikh diaspora is not much larger than the Hindu diaspora. In Uttar Pradesh, Sikhs have recorded a negative growth of -5.10 percent; Census of 2011 has counted 6.43 lakh Sikhs in the State compared to 6.78 lakhs in 2001. A striking features of the Table and the Map below is the concentration of Sikhs in the Punjab and its neighbourhood. The share of Hindus has correspondingly gone up from 75.84 percent in 1991 to 80.78 percent now. "The Haryana government's move could backfire in the ensuing assembly elections if Sehajdhari Sikhs are not given due representation as per the population in the state," said SSP president PS Ranu. Migration therefore cannot explain the relative decline of Sikhs in India. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Panipat in 2011 is 294,292; of which male and female are 157,148 and 137,144 respectively. Haryana Population 2019 –28.6984 Million. Sikhism is dominated religion in state of Punjab while it has some impact in Haryana, Delhi NCR, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand. Most Sikhs live in the province of Punjab, a part of the larger Punjab region where the religion originated in the Middle Ages, with some also residing in Peshawar in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province. As we have seen, 1.14 lakh of 2.35 lakh Sikhs in the State are in Jammu district; and in this district, the growth of Sikhs during 2001-11 at 11.89 percent is somewhat higher than that of Hindus at 11.19 percent. According to the 2011 census, of total 25,350,000 population of Haryana, Hindus (87.46%) constitute the majority of the state's population with Muslims (7.03%) (mainly Meos) and Sikhs (4.91%) being the largest minorities. In West Bengal, another State with a significant presence of Sikhs, their number has declined from 66.4 thousand in 2001 to 63.5 thousand in 2001. But even in these five districts, their rate of growth is considerably lower than that of the total population and of the Hindus. During the last decade, their share has suddenly come down to 0.42 percent. The spread of Sikhs beyond the Punjabi neighbourhood is not as big as is popularly believed; now the footprint of Sikhs across the country seems to be contracting. 5%] being the largest minorities. Sikhs in Punjab and these adjoining States together form 89.2 percent of all Sikhs in the country. for making special rules to appoint the Chief Gurdwara Election Commission under the supervision of the Prime Minister and the Home Minister. There are also older historical Sikh communities in far off places, like in Bidar of Karnataka or Dhubri of Assam; but the numbers there are insignificant. As indicated by the 2011 evaluation population of Haryana, Hindus comprise 88% and are the majority with Muslims at 7% and Sikhs 4.9% being the biggest minorities. The distinct presence of Sikhs in Delhi is a consequence of the Partition, when a large number of Punjabis, who were forcibly uprooted from western Punjab, took shelter in Delhi and its neighbouring regions of Haryana. The rate of growth of Sikhs in the rest of India outside Punjab had remained fairly high even in 1991-2001, when their growth in Punjab had declined to only 14.29 percent. Panipat city is governed by Municipal Corporation which comes under Panipat Metropolitan Region.The Panipat city is located in Haryana state of India. Table 3 Nifty 12,719.95 29.15. Provisional population totals Haryana data sheet ( Format : pdf , Size :674 kB ) 3. In Rohtak, their numbers have declined by as much as 22 percent; there were 5,079 Sikhs counted there in 2001; in 2011, the count is 3,916. As India is the birthplace of this religion, it stands to reason that it is still home to the majority of its followers. Complete Data of all religions and comparision in each state. The Sikh population in Haryana is close to one crore, though the number of Punjabi-speaking population could be much higher. File Photo: Protest by farmers. Nearly 60% of the Indian Punjab population in Sikh, followed by 37% Hindu, while the rest are Jains, Muslims, and Christians. But during 2001-11, not only there has been a decline in their share, but also their absolute number has declined in Chandigarh and in as many as 10 of the 21 districts of the State. Their growth has been indeed positive in Pilibhit, Kheri, Rampur and Bijnor, four of the districts in which they have a significant presence. A mass Grave of Sikhs killed in November 1984 has been discovered after 26 years in village Hondh-Chillar, District Rewari, Haryana. Of 2.4 lakh Sikhs in Uttarakhand, 1.8 lakh are in Udham Singh Nagar and the adjoining parts of Nainital. It is only during the last two decades that they have begun to grow at a slower pace than others; in these two decades, their share in the population of India has come down from 1.95 to 1.72 percent. Of 2.08 crore Sikhs enumerated in the country in 2011, 1.60 crore are in the Punjab alone. In Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, Sikhs had recorded fairly high growth during the previous decade of 1991-2001. The other remarkable feature of the data compiled in the Table above is that during the last decade the growth rate of this distinctive community has declined rather drastically almost everywhere, and in many places they have registered negative growth. Delhi Riots – Time for Hindus to come out of their complacency, Dravidian Terrorism- Naked Truth in a Nutshell, The Brilliant Cooperation Between Radical And Moderate Muslims, The Genocide That was Never Told: New Book documents suffering of Bangla Hindus. According to the same source, there are 54.9 million Hindus outside India forming 6.15 percent of all Hindus. During 2001-11, the Sikhs have grown at a much lower rate compared to the Hindus; who themselves have grown slower than the total population of India. ). They formed 7.67 percent of the population in 1961; in 2011, they are only 3.40 percent. Here, Sikhs have been represented in all areas of the government from President to Prime Minister to Council Ministers. Even the actual number of Sikhs has declined in several major States, including Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Assam. Haryana sikhs News and Updates from The Economictimes.com. Further, Sikhs with (4.91%), Muslims (7.03%) are the largest minorities in the state. Nearly 90 percent of all Sikhs are in the Punjab and its immediate neighbourhood. In other States, the lower female-male ratio of Sikhs probably indicates their status as a migrant community, among whom men often dominate. Much of their presence outside Punjab, both in the Punjabi neighbourhood and in the farther States, represents the Punjabi diaspora of Partition. But during the decade of 2001-11, not only had there been a deterioration in the share of Sikhs but also the absolute number has even declined in the state of Chandigarh and that too is not just one or two but a total of 10 out of the 21 districts of the state of Punjab. Consequently, there are several districts in these States, where the number of Sikhs counted in 2011 is less than their number in 2001. The share of Sikhs has declined both in Punjab and outside Punjab; but the decline has been more pronounced among Sikhs outside Punjab. It does not seem related to either the lower Gender Ratio of the Sikhs or their migration out of India; these two often get mentioned as the possible causes. The decline in the share of Sikhs in Delhi can probably be attributed to the influx of large numbers from the other States of India. Sikh religion data of all states as per Census 2011 figures. The detailed figures for the State clearly indicate a widespread contraction of Sikhs; the contraction here is even more pronounced than in Uttarakhand and Rajasthan. 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