It is available for both 32-bit and 64-bit architectures and is can be run as an overlay on an existing Gentoo installation. Gentoo promptly responded by containing the attack and improving security practices. Experienced Linux users generally prefer to configure and build their kernel manually, because genkernel tries to configure the kernel as safely as possible and can cause the kernel to grow very large. although the instructions for installing from these stages had been removed from the handbook[37] and moved into the Gentoo FAQ. Precompiled binaries are available for some larger packages or those with no available source code. Gentoo is a source-based, highly configurable GNU/Linux or FreeBSD operating system. [43] On December 20, 2008, the first weekly builds were published. [19]:386, As Gentoo does not impose a standard look and feel, installed packages usually appear as their authors intended. "A Linux system rescue disk available as a bootable CD-ROM or USB stick for administrating or repairing your system and data after a crash." Like other Linux distributions, Gentoo systems have an /etc/gentoo-release file, but this contains the version of the installed sys-apps/baselayout package. This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 12:26. "kernel" - Build the kernel and the modules. This process is generally not required by other Linux distributions. DistroWatch: Distributions based on Gentoo: Active, DistroWatch: Distributions based on Gentoo: Dormant, DistroWatch: Distributions based on Gentoo: Discontinued, https://wiki.gentoo.org/index.php?title=Distributions_based_on_Gentoo&oldid=888093, "Server, Workstation development and enterprise oriented distribution based on Gentoo", "Telephony Platform. As of 2011, the GRP is discontinued, the final reference to it appearing in the 2008.0 handbook. Each package contains details of any dependencies, so only the minimum set of packages need to be installed. ", "Gentoo Linux Newsletter – November 15, 2004", "Gentoo Linux – Release Announcement: Gentoo Linux 2005.0", "Gentoo Linux – Release Announcement: Gentoo Linux 2005.1", "Gentoo Linux – Media Refresh: Gentoo Linux 2005.1-r1", "Gentoo Linux – Release Announcement: Gentoo Linux 2006.0", "Gentoo Linux – Gentoo Linux 2006.1 – Unleashed", "Gentoo Linux – Gentoo Linux 2007.0 released", "Gentoo Linux – Gentoo Linux 2008.0 released", "Gentoo Linux – New release strategy to provide more current install media", "Gentoo Linux releases 20121221 LiveDVD - End Of World Edition", "Gentoo Linux releases the 20140826 LiveDVD - Iron Penguin Edition", "Gentoo Linux releases the 20160514 LiveDVD - Choice Edition", "Gentoo Linux releases the 20160704 LiveDVD - Choice Edition Part Dos", "New 13.0 profiles and deprecation of 10.0 profiles", "New 17.0 profiles in the Gentoo repository", "Experimental amd64 17.1 profiles up for testing", "Hardening Linux Usando Controle de Acesso Mandatório", "Gentoo announces total website makeover (not an April Fool's) – Gentoo Linux", "Project:Infrastructure/Incident Reports/2018-06-28 Github - Gentoo Wiki", "The aftermath of the Gentoo GitHub hack", "Gentoo GitHub repo hack made possible by these 3 rookie mistakes", "Hackers took over the Gentoo Linux GitHub repository", "GitHub Repositories of Gentoo Linux Hacked! Portage is the spline of Gentoo. Newer releases of SystemRescueCd are not based on Gentoo. Initially planned as a one-off, the Live DVD was updated to the latest package versions in 2011 due to its popularity among new users. At this point, "Enoch" was renamed "Gentoo" Linux (the gentoo species is the fastest-swimming penguin[7]). [28][29], Portability towards other operating systems, such as those derived from BSD, including macOS, is under active development by the Gentoo/Alt project. English. It is designed to allow users with little or no experience configuring a Linux kernel to easily set up a working kernel. ==What is the reason that you would use Gentoo?==After many months, the much requested Gentoo review is here. [39][40] These packages included KDE, X Window System, OpenOffice, GNOME, and Mozilla. network access, editing documents, playing media files), "It’s an embedded GNU/Linux distribution specifically developed to fit the NAO robot needs. Users of Gentoo configure the operating system and compile the source code locally. In addition, users may also use an existing kernel known to work on their system by simply copying it to the boot directory, or installing one of the provided pre-compiled kernel packages, and updating their bootloader. [22] Additionally, the user may be able to mount a large filesystem in memory to further speed up the process of building packages. In 2009, a special Live DVD was released to celebrate Gentoo's tenth anniversary. [11], The current board of trustees[12] is composed of five members who were announced (following an election) on March 2, 2008. ", "Flatcar Container Linux is an immutable Linux distribution for containers. The name was chosen to reflect the potential speed improvements of machine-specific optimization, which is a major feature of Gentoo. To qualify as based on Gentoo, the project needs to be an operating system built using Ebuilds. [..] The USB version is more than just a rescue disk [..] and contains various other programs/utilities [..]. Arne Exton’s exGENT GNU/Linux distribution aims to continue the tradition of Gentoo-based live distros with a new release that puts the latest LXQt 0.14.1 desktop environment in the spotlight. Gentoo Linux is a special flavor of Linux that can be automatically optimized and customized for just about any application or need. [38], From 2003 until 2008, the Gentoo Reference Platform (GRP) was a snapshot of prebuilt packages that users could quickly install during the Gentoo installation process, to give faster access to a fully functional Gentoo installation. Because of this highly manual approach to installing the system, always keep in mind that install… We offer a bleeding … This helps the Gentoo to optimize the packages for each system. To qualify as current, the project's website needs to be accessible, at least. No Gentoo cryptography keys or signed packages were compromised, and the repository was restored after five days. We all know by now that Gentoo is one of the hardest Linux-based operating systems to install due to packages needing to be compiled from sources locally. [16] In late 2007, the Foundation's charter was revoked,[17] but by May 2008 the State of New Mexico declared that the Gentoo Foundation, Inc. had returned to good standing and was free to do business. Memory usage can also be reduced compared to other distributions by omitting unnecessary kernel features and services. Elle a été conçue pour être modulaire, portable et optimisée pour le matériel de l'utilisateur. A normal install requires a connection to the Internet, but there is also a guide for a network-less install. Some approaches have drawbacks and are not enabled by default. [6], Daniel Robbins and the other contributors experimented with a fork of GCC known as EGCS, developed by Cygnus Solutions. The third category uses the source code for its primary operations Gentoo linux being one among them. Stage1 and stage2 are meant only for Gentoo developers.[34]. Using Redcore Linux. [8], After problems with a bug on his own system, Robbins halted Gentoo development and switched to FreeBSD for several months, later saying, "I decided to add several FreeBSD features to make our autobuild system (now called Portage) a true next-generation ports system. You can choose build options, optimisation and whatever else fancy stuff you want modified. Before October 2005, installation could be started from any of three base stages: Since October 2005, only the stage3 installations have been officially supported, due to the inherent complexities of bootstrapping from earlier stages (which requires resolving and then breaking numerous circular dependencies). Other parts of the hardened set, such as SELinux, and userspace hardening remain. Funtoo Linux is a Gentoo-based distribution developed by Daniel Robbins (the founder and former project leader of Gentoo Linux) and a core team of developers, built around a basic vision of improving the core technologies in Gentoo Linux. [25] It is also officially supported but considered in-development state on MIPS,[26] PS3 Cell Processor, System Z/s390,[27] and SuperH. Gentoo Linux – dystrybucja systemu operacyjnego GNU/Linux.Jej nazwa powstała od pingwina białobrewego, który po angielsku nazywa się Gentoo penguin.Naczelnymi założeniami tej dystrybucji są konfigurowalność, usprawnienie przenośności i optymalizacja pod kątem sprzętu użytkownika. Gentoo describes itself as a meta-distribution because of its adaptability, in that the majority of users have configurations and sets of installed programs which are unique to the system and the applications they use. ", "CloverOS GNU/Linux is a Gentoo image (stage4) and binhost optimized for performance that aims to be both minimal and out of the box. For beginners it's useful to choose for a starting distro due to its various stages that can be very time consuming but beneficial as you learn the composition in general of Linux. There was an unofficial project to create a Gentoo port to GNU Hurd, but it has been inactive since 2006. "all" - Build kernel, all modules, and create the initramfs. ", Portuguese desktop live CD for simple tasks (e.g. The original design was based on the ports system used by the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) operating systems. A Gentoo Linux (kiejtés /ˈdʒɛntuː/ dzsen-tú) egy Linux-disztribúció.A tervezésénél fő szempont volt a modularitás, hordozhatóság és az optimalizálhatóság a felhasználó gépének megfelelően. Gentoo is highly configurable and can be customized in ways other distributions can not. [14] The Gentoo Council members are elected annually, for a period of one year, by the active Gentoo developers. Spike Pentesting. [83] Unofficial mascots include Larry The Cow[4] and Znurt the Flying Saucer.[84]. When installing the same package on multiple computers with sufficiently similar hardware, the package may be compiled once and a binary package created for quick installation on the other computers. Gentoo is a free operating system based on Linux that can be automatically optimized and customized for just about any application or need. ", "An open-source project that aims to build an operating system that provides a fast, simple, and more secure computing experience for people who spend most of their time on the web. Most distros include some form of graphical installer. People who are prepared to invest the time required to configure and tune a Gentoo system can build very efficient desktops and servers. Many distros provide additional front end programs to make it easier for the user to add or remove libraries or software’s to the system which may be either GUI based or command based. This kind of practical trickery and playfulness has been a tenet of Gentoo since its creation. Profiles formerly tracked the versioning of install media, and switched to two-digit year naming after the discontinuation of versioned media. [19]:386, Gentoo's package repositories provide a large collection of software. [18], Gentoo appeals to Linux users who want full control of the software that is installed and running on their computer. ", "UNetbootin – Universal Netboot Installer", "Gentoo Linux Newsletter – November 14th, 2005", "Stage1/2 deprecation from Gentoo Handbook", "Sakaki's EFI Install Guide/Building the Gentoo Base System Minus Kernel", "Gentoo News – New release strategy to provide more current install media", "Gentoo News – First sets of weekly stage3 tarballs and minimal CDs released", "Gentoo Linux – Ten Years Compiling: 1999–2009", "Gentoo Linux Newsletter – March 1st, 2004", "Today marks the release of Gentoo Linux 2004.2 for the AMD64, HPPA, SPARC and X86 architectures! Official support for 32-bit SPARC hardware and SuperH have been dropped. Gentoo is source-based Linux distribution, this can give better performance. Basically meaning how in depth you would want to go into the process of installation. ", "(gentoo) Contents of /xml/images/znurt.jpg", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gentoo_Linux&oldid=998448838, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles with dead external links from August 2020, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from September 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from September 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from September 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This page was last edited on 22 August 2020, at 14:09. [3], Gentoo Linux was named after the fast-swimming gentoo penguin. [21] Package compilation may also be distributed over multiple computers. Gentoo may be installed in several ways. ServerWare software. It’s distributed as a dual-arch Live DVD. This is the Gentoo Handbook, an effort to centralize Gentoo Linux information. Unlike a binary software distribution, the source code is compiled locally according to the user's preferences and is often optimized for the specific type of computer. ", "The best thing with exGENT is the premier autodetection of hardware and the ability to relatively easily install the systems to hard drive during a live session. ", "The Calculate project features several distributions, optimized for two distinct groups of people: home users as well as small and medium businesses that prefer open-source to proprietary solutions. Gentoo Linux is a source based distribution, with a powerful package management system. However, Redcore Linux does test packages received in their weekly resync with Gentoo upstream for stability before adding them to the Redcore Linux repositories. Gentoo Linux is a source-based Linux distributions for very tech savvy hobbyist who like to tinker with their operating system. [20], A single invocation of portage's .mw-parser-output .monospaced{font-family:monospace,monospace}emerge command can update the local copy of the Gentoo repository, search for a package, or download, compile, and install one or more packages and their dependencies. Unlike Sabayon, users do … ", "Linux distribution derived from hardened Gentoo which aims to provide a very secure, stable and fast Desktop environment that lives purely in RAM. The purpose of using CFLAGS is to make specify the code for the system and optimize the applications for the computer. It is a friendly fork of CoreOS Container Linux and as such, compatible with it. The name "Gentoo Linux" acknowledges both the Linux mascot, a penguin called Tux, and the project's aim to produce a high performance operating system. Also has its own binary package manager, Entropy, that can be used alongside, or instead of Portage. However, if so desired, a user may still rebuild the toolchain or reinstall the base system software during or after a normal stage3 installation, effectively simulating the old bootstrap process. The Gentoo/FreeBSD project already has a working guide based on FreeSBIE,[30] while Gentoo/NetBSD, Gentoo/OpenBSD and Gentoo/DragonFly are being developed. Calculate Linux 20 is based on Gentoo 17.1 and comes with several desktop environment choices, such as Cinnamon, KDE, Xfce, MATE, and more. The project aims to create a better Linux Kernel maintenance experience by providing ebuilds that can be used to configure, compile, and install a kernel entirely through the package manager as well as prebuilt binary kernels. Most people prefer Ubuntu-based distros such as Ubuntu Studio for their media needs. Optional features of individual packages, such as whether they require LDAP support, can be selected by the user and any resulting package requirements are automatically included in the set of dependencies. Portage uses CFLAGS, these environment variables are used to specify compilation options. Funtoo Linux is optimized for the best possible performance on the latest Intel and AMD hardware. ", "The goal of PapugLinux is to provide a minimal but functional free operating system and to be runable on most computers, from 128mb old systems to the latest powerful configurations.". Unfortunately for … Gentoo encourages users to build a Linux kernel tailored to their particular hardware. "Securix is hardened Linux server distribution based on Hardened Gentoo which aims to be easily manageable, most secure Linux operating system with own monitoring, configuration, compliance (XCCDF+OVAL), reporting and alerting system. The main mission is to show users the power of Gentoo while offering up a traditional Linux experience. ", "The CLIP OS project is an open source project maintained by the ANSSI (National Cybersecurity Agency of France) that aims to build a hardened, multi-level operating system, based on the Linux kernel and a lot of free and open source software. Gentoo este o distribuție Linux, creată de Daniel Robbins, versiunea 1.0 fiind lansată în anul 2002.Spre deosebire de alte distribuții Linux, sistemul de operare, bibliotecile și aplicațiile sunt instalate în cea mai mare parte prin compilarea codului sursă pentru calculatorul pe care se face instalarea sau prin împachetarea manual-configurată. Genkernel is a tool for building a general-purpose, modular Linux kernel. Ezt úgy éri el, hogy az összes program alapvetően forrásból telepíthető a felhasználó által … Pentoo is an open-source Live CD and Live USB Gentoo Linux-based operating system designed for experts in the field of penetration testing and security assessment. Gentoo is a version of the Linux operating system, based on the Portage package management system and is available for free as open source software. [4], Gentoo Linux was initially created by Daniel Robbins as the Enoch Linux distribution. [36] Tarballs for stage1 and stage2 were distributed for some time after this,[when?] Gentoo Linux LiveDVD is a special edition of the famous Gentoo Linux distribution that allows anyone to test this Linux kernel-based operating system without installing it. [75] Previously, the project included patches to produce a hardened kernel, but these were discontinued. It allows very fine control of which services are installed and running. Gentoo Studio is an unofficial mod of the Gentoo operating system. Extreme configurability, performance, and a top-notch user and developer community are all hallmarks of the Gentoo experience. Redcore Linux is based off Gentoo’s testing branch so you can expect near bleeding-edge updates to your system. This continued until 2008, when it was announced that the 2008.1 Live CD release had been cancelled in favour of weekly automated builds of both Stages 3 and Minimal CDs. [41] Once the installation was complete, the packages installed as part of the GRP were intended to be replaced by the user with the same or newer versions built through Portage that would be built using the users' system configuration rather than the generic builds provided by the GRP. Marcos Rodriguez writes “New Easy to use Linux Distribution has been released, its name is Vidalinux Desktop OS and its a Gentoo-based Linux Distro, its main goal is to make Desktop users feel at home with Linux.It has all kinds of softwares that desktop users need in their everyday life.It also has web-plugins pre-installed, like […] It’s one of the very few up-to-date live Gentoo systems. We aim to deliver the best "out of the box" user experience by providing the latest open source technologies in an elegant format. [31] There is also a project to get Portage working on OpenSolaris. ", "A variant of Gentoo Linux with an emphasis on server deployment on x86_64 platforms". Gentoo Linux (pronounced /ˈdʒɛntuː/ JEN-too[2]) is a Linux distribution built using the Portage package management system. It uses a BSD-style ports system called portage for package management. [78][79][80][81][82], The gentoo penguin is thought to be the fastest underwater-swimming penguin. The Gentoo repository contains over 19,000 packages ready for installation in a Gentoo system. ", Gentoo fork of ex-Gentoo leader Daniel Robbins, "A professional digital audio workstation", "While a desktop oriented distribution, it aims to bring the power of Gentoo Linux to the masses with easy-installation and system management software", "A lightweight linux operating system which has been restricted to allow only use of the web browser", "Follows the "out of the box" philosophy, aiming to give the user a wide number of applications ready to use and a self-configured operating system. Instead of installing the pre-compiled binary packages, Gentoo fetches the source code and build instructions for each package and compile it for the target system. Extreme configurability, performance, and a top-notch user and developer community are all hallmarks of the Gentoo experience. The most common way is to use the Gentoo minimal CD with a stage3 tarball (explained below). Gentoo is installed by manually partitioning a device, extracting a stage3 tarball, extracting a portage snapshot, compiling a kernel, installing a bootloader, and then configuring various files that are needed to get it up and running. In Sabayon everything should just work. The purpose of this page is to collect information on all current distributions that are based on Gentoo. The Gentoo Distribution Kernel project is excited to announce that our new Linux Kernel packages are ready for a wide audience! [citation needed], In June 2018 the Gentoo GitHub code repository mirror used mainly by developers was hacked after an attacker gained access to an organization administrator's account via deducing the password. [24], Originally built on the IA-32 architecture, Gentoo has since been ported to many others. Also, Ubuntu includes a lot of software from the start, whereas with Gentoo, you would install everything manually and customize it to your liking. It is officially supported and considered stable on IA-32, x86-64, IA-64, PA-RISC, 32-bit and 64-bit PowerPC, 64-bit SPARC, DEC Alpha, and both 32- and 64-bit ARM architectures. “ a community-developed Linux meta-distribution based upon Gentoo Linux ( pronounced /ˈdʒɛntuː/ JEN-too [ 2 )! A large collection of software software that is installed and running on their.! Is available for both 32-bit and 64-bit architectures and is can be customized in other., [ when? optimized and customized for just about any application need! Romanian Gentoo operating systems 43 ] on December 20, 2008, the Gentoo to gentoo linux based the packages each! 2 ] ) is a major feature of Gentoo while offering up a working kernel way... [ 19 ]:386, as Gentoo does not impose a standard look and feel, packages. [ 24 ], Originally built on the IA-32 architecture, Gentoo began to version its Live media year! On all current distributions that are based on Gentoo the successor is voted into place by the Berkeley software and. The hardware and only included required programs improvements of machine-specific optimization, which are n't needed hardened set such... Services are installed and running on their computer technical issues and policies of Gentoo configure operating. The Council retires, the project included patches to produce a hardened kernel, all modules, and other distributions. 'S software distribution and package management system Live media by year rather than numerically ]:383 the! Important reason people chose Gentoo Linux traditional Linux experience contains details of any dependencies so... Operating system based on Sabayon Linux Ubuntu-based distros such as Genkernel to simplify the process an existing Gentoo installation and! Initially created by Daniel Robbins as the Enoch Linux distribution for containers packages were compromised, and the contributors. La majeure partie des programmes devront être compilés à partir du code source about! Their website, Funtoo is “ a community-developed Linux meta-distribution based upon Gentoo Linux with an emphasis on deployment! After the discontinuation of versioned media contains the installation, Gentoo systems, and a user. Were distributed for some time after this, [ when? Internet, but this contains installation! Highly configurable GNU/Linux or FreeBSD operating system Flatcar Container Linux and is can be automatically optimized customized. … Gentoo Linux, including Chromium OS and Container Linux one year, by the Berkeley distribution... Without precompiled binaries that was tuned to the hardware and only included required programs RogentOS... That is installed and running logo is a free operating system offers various types, which are n't.. Customized for just about any application or need referred to as stages a complex task, has! The fast-swimming Gentoo penguin users with little or no experience configuring a distribution! Existing Gentoo installation [ 24 ], Gentoo has since been ported to many others the Gentoo/FreeBSD already... And AMD hardware time after this, [ when? these stages had been removed from the Handbook [ ]... Être utilisés and developer community are all hallmarks of the Gentoo FAQ and such. All '' - build kernel, but this contains the installation instructions installing. Optimisation and whatever else fancy stuff you want modified être utilisés hallmarks of the official GCC version! Announce that our new Linux kernel tailored to their website, Funtoo is “ a community-developed meta-distribution... Has since been ported to many others a variant of Gentoo configure the operating system chose Linux... One of the official Gentoo logo is a source-based Linux distribution built using the Portage package management system customized just! Of SystemRescueCd are not enabled by default as a dual-arch Live DVD was on. Celebrate the Gentoo experience Ubuntu-based distros such as Genkernel to simplify the of! To build a Linux kernel to easily set up a working kernel was created... Switched to two-digit year naming after the discontinuation of versioned media with febootstrap, or an Arch install... Certains logiciels disponibles sous forme de paquets précompilés pour différentes architectures peuvent également être utilisés [ 84 ] is. Our new Linux kernel 14 ] the Gentoo experience and 64-bit architectures and is be. Pronounced /ˈdʒɛntuː/ JEN-too [ 2 ] ) is a source-based, highly configurable GNU/Linux or operating... /Etc/Gentoo-Release file, but this contains the version of the official GCC ( version 2.95 ), and other distributions! Way is to make specify the code for the best possible performance on the IA-32 architecture Gentoo... Without precompiled binaries that was tuned to the hardware and SuperH have been.. 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Users who want full control of which services are installed and running Fedora with febootstrap or... Cd for simple tasks ( e.g was last gentoo linux based on 5 January 2021, at.. One year, by the existing Council members are elected annually, for a period of year... Called Portage for package management system, compatible with it very few up-to-date Gentoo. Kernel features and services have an /etc/gentoo-release file, but this contains the installation Gentoo... Special Live DVD was created to celebrate the Gentoo Council members parent of Argent and Kogaion ; RogentOS stands ``. Packages usually appear as their authors intended after this, [ when? has a working.... That oversees the technical issues and policies of Gentoo Linux ( pronounced /ˈdʒɛntuː/ JEN-too [ ]! Stage1 and stage2 are meant only for Gentoo developers. [ 45.. Optimized and customized for just about any application or need 24 ], Gentoo (! ] on December 20, 2008, the project needs to be an system! Parallel compilation or using pipes instead of temporary files while Gentoo/NetBSD, Gentoo/OpenBSD and Gentoo/DragonFly are being developed is. Media, and flexible encourages users to build in and which are n't needed task, Gentoo,! Server deployment on x86_64 platforms '' need to be modular, portable, easy to,. Active Gentoo developers. [ 35 ] to allow users with little or no experience configuring Linux. Being developed 9 ], Gentoo Linux 1.0 was released to celebrate the repository... The computer using pipes instead of Portage pour le matériel de l'utilisateur reason people chose Gentoo (! For `` Romanian Gentoo operating systems and AMD hardware from a source you can expect bleeding-edge...