Highly intelligent creatures, orangutans share 96.4% of our genes. There are now believed to be just 1,500 left. The World Wildlife Fund, a nonprofit group dedicated to the protection of species and their habitats, keeps a running list of the world's most endangered species. Living so close to shore, the biggest risk to dolphins is getting caught up in gill and trawl nets, known as by-catch. Known as the "gardeners" of the forest, they help to disperse seeds and so are vital to their habitat. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Dicerorhinus sumatrensis. iStock Antarctica. MOST POPULAR. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Platanista gangetica gangetica. Tweet Share on Facebook. 10 of the world's most endangered animals Meet the most endangered animals in the world, including the Javan rhino, vaquita, mountain gorillas and Asian elephants. ", SCIENTIFIC NAME: Centrocercus urophasianus. Found in the Coral Triangle, bluefin tuna can live for up to 40 years and are the largest of all tunas. Ivory poaching has also been an issue, despite the elephants having smaller tusks than other species, WWF said. You can only find these sloths on red mangroves. Traveling across the oceans and the Mediterranean Sea, the albacore tuna can live for up to 12 years and grow up to 12 feet (3.7 meters) long. They are arboreal and feed on leaves. WWF has helped to stop humphead wrasse export in Malaysia, and since 2010 more than 860 have been released back into the wild. The Mountain Gorilla The species is divided into three subspecies based on where they live on the island of Borneo — Northwest Bornean, Northeast Bornean and Central Bornean. The sloth is lower than the other sloths and is only 48 to 53 cm long. The largest of the four gorilla subspecies, the Eastern Lowland gorilla mainly lives on fruit. Diceros … Formerly, their range also included northeastern China, the Korean Peninsula, and as far west as Mongolia. They live in Central Africa, and while a research study revealed population numbers were higher than first thought, they are still at risk of extinction due to poaching (baby chimps are often sold as pets) and disease. "The fate of Sumatran orangutans is inextricably linked to the islands' fast-disappearing forests. With a population of just 10, the vaquita is the world's rarest marine mammal. Mainly found in tropical waters, and near coral reefs, sea turtles have lived in our seas for the last 100 million years, and they are a vital part of the marine ecosystem. A Fun Waste Of Champagne. Log in, By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. Bonobos look very similar to chimpanzees but are generally smaller, leaner and darker in coat color than their closest living relatives. Pollution, excessive egg collection and coastal development also play a part in their decline. "The biological and social challenges are great but with creative collaboration and unwavering tenacity, recovery is possible.". Notably, the last living thylacine died in a zoo in 1936, and a video of it can be seen on … These whales live in most of the planet's oceans and seas, except for those in tropical and polar regions. The largest land mammal on the Asian continent, the Asia elephant weighs around 11,000 pounds and lives in 13 countries across South and Southeast Asia. The Javan rhino is the most endangered one as there are left only between 46 to 66 individuals around the whole world, most of which you can find in Ujung Kulon National Park in Indonesia. Found in Borneo and Sumatra, the Sumatran elephant shares its habitat with the Sumatran rhino, tiger and orangutan. Found in southern Chile, the Gulf of California and the Coral Triangle, blue whales are threatened by climate change, pollution and habitat loss. They help maintain the health of coral reefs by removing sponges, which provides reef fish access to feed. Poaching has led to a decline in rhino numbers. Black Rhino. However, in 2017 China banned the elephant ivory trade, which has led to a drop in demand. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data Book), founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.It uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. Deforestation has meant Cross River gorillas now live close to humans and as a result are at risk of illegal poaching. Top 10 Animals Endangered by Climate Change, Top 10 Animals with the Most Unusual Mating Tactics. The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. Since 1997, there has been a decline of 92% in their population, with only 30 of them alive today. Being at the top of the food chain, the sei whales play an important part in the health of marine environments. With only 84 thought to be living in the wild today, they are under threat due to illegal poaching. Around ten years ago, there were more than 230,000 orangutans living in the world. Yellowfin Tuna can weigh up to 450 pounds (204 kilograms) and are found in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans. The Sunda tigers are distinguished by the thick black stripes on their orange coats. Chimps are our closest cousins, sharing 98% of our genes, and can live to be over 50 years old. If we want to save the Sumatran orangutan we have to save their forest home," said Barney Long, senior director of Species Conservation at Global Wildlife Conservation. It now has quite a few endangered species including the Jaguar, and the Uakari Monkey. Not only is it the only herbivore but the green sea turtle is also the largest among its species. Also known as the Tasmanian tiger, the thylacine is probably the most endangered species on this list; in fact, it may no longer exist anywhere on earth! Whale sharks are the largest of any fishes alive and are protected from fishing. There are just under 17,000 southern white rhinos left in the wild. Climate change, poaching and hunting traps have impacted the number of Red Pandas and there are now only 10,000 left in the wild. The Javan rhino is the closest to extinction with only between 46 to 66 individuals left, all of … , pollution and entanglement in fishing nets pose some of the biggest threats, along with poachers that target them for use in traditional medicine. Panthera pardus orientalis. The narwhal's tusk is actually a tooth and can grow up to 12 feet (3.7 meters). They play an important role in the marine ecosystem but have been severely impacted by commercial whaling. However, these elephants are now protected under Sri Lankan law and the punishment for killing one is the death penalty. With just 4,000 tigers left in the wild, they are split into two subspecies: the Continental and the Sunda. Critically Endangered. The world is full of stunning, natural beauty, including more than 10,000 species of bird. Only discovered in 1958, they are now on the brink of extinction due to illegal fishing — one in every five vaquitas dies in gill nets. Hence, it is called the Yangtze River Dolphin. Sea Lions are found in large colonies on the Galápagos, and are the most common pinnipeds to be found in the area. However, deforestation is a big issue, as Sumatra has seen over two-thirds of its lowland forest cleared in the last 25 years. A difference we must be aware!!!!!!!!!... Calluses on their heads and hunting of red Pandas and there are three species of this planet farms has the. 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