Plant food should be added to diet: special tablets, cucumber, lettuce leaves, spinach and peeled squash. Ich fry appears there and for some period of time it feeds on different microorganisms. It’s said that they can get a bit longer in the wild, but most fish will max out at this length when kept in captivity. The fish has 3 vertical stripes. The minimum tank size is 48” long for juveniles. Clown loaches (and their cousins) are also one of the few fishes that will eat bladder snails (Physella acuta), and are very useful for controlling this pest in planted aquaria. Info. Some species of this kind have a habit to chatter in the evening without any danger around. CLOWN LOACH; *Other common names: Clown Loach, Tiger Loach, Clown Botia *Size: 8-16 inches for adults (20-41cm), females are usually larger and bulkier than males once they reach adulthood. It is the sole member of the genus Chromobotia. If you’d like to decrease the population of snails in a tank, just put loach in a tank. The dorsal is black and only at the bottom it’s yellow. By that time (they are 2 month old) their size is about 30 mm not counting tail length. The fish likes thickly planted tanks with lots of different covers. Clown Loaches are often sold at the very immature size of 1.5 inches (4cm) or so, but they should not be considered for the smaller (or even medium-sized) aquarium. Clown Loach – Habitat, Care, Feeding, Tank Size, Breeding The clown loach (Chromobotia macracanthus) is popular fish food in Indonesia and a staple in colorful aquariums. Quite often it happens with new bought fishes. about max. However, their size can depend on several factors. Latin Name: Chromobotia macracantha Tank Size 150 Lt.; Care Level: Moderate Water Conditions: PH:6.0-7.5, KH 8-12, 22°C-30°C Color Form: Black, Orange, Red, Tan Geographic Region: Indonesia Temperament: Peaceful Max Size: 30cm Family: Cobitidae WaterConditions: PH:6.0-7.5, KH 8-12, 22°C-30°C Diet: Omnivore Overview. Clown Loach (Botia macracanthus) aka Tiger botia. The fish feels better in soft water (5 – 12 dGH) with ph: 6.0-6.5, dH: 4-12, and water temperature 75–81 °F (24–27 °C). [3] In 2004, Dr. Maurice Kottelat divided the genus Botia, containing 47 different species, into seven separate genera, resulting in the clown loach being placed in a genus of its own, Chromobotia.[4]. The fish prefers well aerated, filtered water and high water flow should be also created in a tank. The Clown Loach is a must-have fish for many freshwater enthusiasts. Although, in the majority of references it’s said that max size is about 30 cm, in the wild there can be seen species about 40 cm long and lifespan is up to 20 years. Over-exploitation of C. macracanthus has motivated the development of conservation efforts, mostly new artificial propagation techniques. The pet shops sell them typically when they are just 1.5 to 2 inches (4 to 6 cms). Yoyo Loach – Habitat, Care, Feeding, Tank Size, Breeding. Adult Clown Loach is about 6 to 8 inches in length. This is not usually a cause for concern, however, and the fish will normally return to normal behaviour almost instantly. It’s rather difficult to take a picture of this, since the spines show up only for about half a second. Clown loaches do have a tendency to nibble on … The Clown Loach (Scientific Name: Chromobotia macracanthus) is a common and popular freshwater aquarium fish. Size of Clown Loach. Diet, tank size, and genetics are all major factors that influence how bit these fish can get. He’s been fond of aquarium husbandry since his early childhood. It is a popular fish in the freshwater aquarium trade and is sold worldwide. The eggs that they left drift with the flow and stop somewhere in streamside vegetation. Clown Loach Size. The colors and patterns of Clown Loaches are among their most striking features and … Clown loaches tank should be spacious since the fish grows to be rather large – up to 16-20 cm long. Sand and small grained pebbles can be used as a bottom substrate. Often clown loach lays on a side when pH is low because the water in a tank wasn’t renewed timely. The majority of loaches is taken from their habitats in the wild, where the fish lives in forest streams and rivers in South-West Asia. This way the fish reacts on a danger and in the wild it deafens the juveniles by this sound and hunts them. Since the Clown Loach can grow to an impressive size of nearly 1 foot in length, it should be housed in larger freshwater systems. The size of the aquarium you should provide to clown loaches should be roughly around 55-gallon (200 liters) aquarium. But it does, in fact, have small scales embedded in its skin. If clown loaches grow really long, they’ll max out at 20-inches. Spawning takes place in these river branches, in boggy upper reaches, among reed grass. Compare. Swiss ichthyologist Maurice Kottelat initiated this change. Fish is a carnivore in the wild, but it can also feed on plant food including water plants with soft leaves. But provided with optimal tank conditions the fish will grow up to 10-15 cm during a year. The fish's body is long and laterally compressed, with an arched dorsal surface and a flat ventral surface. C. macracanthus will associate with other benthic species in the aquaria if kept singly or with few other specimens. Male have more developed pelvic fins. pH Level: 7.0; Our livestock changes regularly, please check our Facebook page to see if this product is currently in stock. [5] The fish's body is long and laterally compressed, with an arched dorsal surface and a flat ventral surface. It’s possible that very old female individuals might grow bigger but this is likely to take a long time since growth tends to slow down considerably once the fish reach 150 – 200 mm. The barbelson the lower jaw are small and difficult to see. Pelvic fin and flukes are red and black. His favorite aquariums are biotopes (Amazon River),  with Echinodorus and Angelfish. (2016). If you like this tiger loach, you can take them to your aquarium. It takes several years for a clown loach to develop to its maximum size. Social Behavior: peaceful. Color of Clown Loach. In their main habitats the rain season starts in December and lasts till February. Water temperature, Ph and muddiness may change depending on season. Updated 12/26/16. Clown loaches are particularly susceptible to Ichthyophthirius (ich), or white spot disease. In 1989, its scientific name was changed to Botia macracanthus. Fish has very thin scales almost ingrowing into its body. A common and popular fish for tropical freshwater aquaria, C. macracanthus is a visually pleasing species. Clown loach (lat. There is some regional colour variation within the species; the pelvic fins on fish from Borneo are reddish-orange and black, while the pelvic fins on fish from Sumatra are entirely reddish-orange. Clown loach aficionados are able to identify which region of the world their loaches originally came from by subtle variations in their markets. Clown loach has 4 pairs of barbels – these are vibrissas that help the fish to find food in muddy water of its native rivers. Best … Loach Fish Habitat and Tank Conditions. In the wild they help the fish to protect itself in case of danger, therefore they can be rather seldom seen when the fish is an a tank. Now $329.99. The barbels of clown loaches are known to be easily damaged by rough substrates, such as gravel, in aquaria. Which gives you some squirm room in tank selection. The fish is very active during the day, but it’s a bit timid. However, mainly freshwater breeding is performed in the farms using some hormones injections. Clown loach eats snails, including MTS. However, it never was a problem. Minimal number is 3, but it’s better when there 5 or more species in a tank. My clown loach are dying! Size of Clown Loach: Clown Loach is a freshwater fish Cobitidae family of the order Cypriniformes. Since 2004 fish was officially classified as a separate kind of loaches family with Greek name Chromobotia. They will grow quite rapidly from this cute size to around 5 inches (13cm), thereafter the growth slows somewhat, but with good care in a large tank, they can easily reach 8 to 12 inches (20 - 30 cm). The mouth is made so that it’s very easy to dig the bottom and look for food. In their native habitat, the Clown Loach is found in fast moving streams with water temperature ranges between 77 and 86 °F, a pH between 5.0 and 8.0, and water hardness between 5 and 12 dH. They make suitable tank-mates for any non-aggressive community fishes, but do not thrive when kept with larger, more dominant species. [7] C. macracanthus is easier to breed when individuals are between two and four centimeters in size.[8]. Fishes with veiled fins are definitely not proper tank mates, since they swim slowly. The fish loves company, it’s important to have several fishes of this kind in a tank. size of the fish varies, & some of the aquarists have Clown Loaches that are up to 30 cm which is roughly 12 inches. This sound is produced by the grinding of their pharyngeal teeth. The body is whitish-orange to reddish-orange, with three thick, black, triangular, vertical bands. Common & Latin Name: Clown Loach (Chromobotia macracanthus) • Care level: Easy • Max Size:20cm • Min tank size: 55 Litres • Diet: Omnivore • Temp: 25-27°C • PH: 6.5-7.5 • Compatibility: View Chart or More Info • Temperament: Peaceful • Origin: Borneo and Sumatra • Approximate purchase size: 3 - 4cm But, before you do, you should know about the right clown loach care. Average Clown Loach Size. In the wild, a Clown Loach can grow up to 16” (40 cm) in length, but in captivity, they usually don’t grow more than 12” (30 cm). Both pills and vegetables – squash, cucumber, lettuce can be fed to clown loaches. Its head is relatively large and its mouth faces downward with thick, fleshy lips, and four pairs of barbels. The juveniles stay in flooded areas even when the water starts going down. A six-foot tank would be appropriate for adult Clown … One more interesting feature is the ability to make some chattering noise. [5], In its native habitat, the fish is found in water with a temperature range of 25 to 30 °C (77 to 86 °F), a pH between 5.0 and 8.0, and water hardness between 5 and 12 dH.[2]. They died about 5 days later after showing no signs of being ill,now my smallest clown that i have had for 2 months has just died. Coloring varies from yellow to orange red. Therefore it’s better to add only clean and defecated water and not to put any drugs that are intended to act on the scales. Please, consider the fact that, the larger is the fish school and the tank, the more comfortable fishes feel: they grow more intensively and intragroup aggression is almost absent. River main tributaries have rather high flow speed, that increases during the rain season and any platns can hardly be found there. Such as other fish, clown loach need takes good care. Clown loaches can make clicking sounds when they are happy, … Fishes of this kind aren’t aggressive, however yet it’s not recommended to keep them together with small fishes. After lying for some time, the fish gets back to its normal state itself. But in general the majority of native rivers have soft water of tea color and they flow through the rain forests area. Juveniles as a rule are very funny and active. It will liven up any aquarium. Adding 3 Big Clown Loach in my 800 gallon aquarium. The typical Yoyo Loach size is only about 2.5 inches long when fully grown. Clear stream environments provide the optimal habitat for clown loaches, but biannual monsoon flooding forces the fish to move into flooded flood plains, or murky or blackwater rivers or lakes, for 7–8 months of the year, and clown loaches are commonly found in the flood plains of hilly areas. I bought 2 new clown's about a week ago and put them in with the drip method as i have done with all my fish in all 3 of my tanks. Inhabits mainly in river tributaries, but for spawning period during rain season when some areas are temporary flooded the fish migrates upstream to smaller tributaries and streams. The clown loach (Chromobotia macracanthus), or tiger botia,[1] is a tropical freshwater fish belonging to the botiid loach family. It has a long whitish-orange to the reddish-orange body. The fish comes from Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra and Kalimantan. As a rule freshwater fish is a night one, so it is almost unnoticeable during the day time, however it doesn’t concern clown loach. Those who have had these fishes already know that sometimes they can lay on a side (playing dead) and doing so they scare the beginners. Then the fishes come back to their habitats, sometimes they swim up to 200-300 km. Perfect tank mates are kuhli loach, swordtails, bichirs, ropefish, african cichlids, big tetras. It originates in inland waters in Indonesia on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. The majority of clown loaches is taken from their habitats in the wild, where the fish lives in forest streams and rivers in South-West Asia. Clown Loach - 4 inches. Clown loaches have four pairs of barbels, with one set on the lower jaw where it’s difficult to spot. Since the Clown Loach can grow to an impressive size of nearly 1 foot in length, it should be housed in larger freshwater systems however it is a slow grower. I have 6 clown loach ranging from 1" upto 4". However, they are known to grow up to 20 inches (50 cms) in the wild. Unlike true nocturnal loaches, the Clown Loach is active during the day but will shy from bright light and hide amongst plant stocks or in rockwork. You can make them feel happy in the tank if you consider about the place, the food, and the right tank mates. The fish has some bad habits – they gladly eat plants, they even bite holes in Echinodorus plants. When somebody tries to take loach out of its tank, the fish thinks that it is in danger and starts making chattering noise. In general, for this fish the amount of plant feed in its diet should be up to 40% from total amount. The clown loach is a peaceful amusing fish that coexists well with nearly any tankmate. Its head is relatively large and its mouth faces downward with thick, fleshy lips, and four pairs of barbels. Interestingly, the Clown Loach is sometimes referred to as a scaleless fish. 1-7 Facts About Clown Loach. In some references there is some information about successful breeding in a tank. Tank lighting should be subdued and the following plants that grow well in such conditions can be planted in a tank: Microsorum Pteropus, Taxiphyllum and different kinds of Anubias. Originally from Indonesia, clown loach is easily available worldwide from breeders and freshwater aquarium traders. Supposedly exceeds 400 mm but reports from its native rivers suggest an average adult size between 200 – 305 mm, borne out by the largest aquariumspecimens we know of. Its eyes don’t have any protective cover and in skin folds under its eyes the fish has doubled protecting spines. C. macracanthus is also fond of cover and is not overly accustomed to bright lighting. When you see these fish in pet stores they’re usually no more than two or three inches long. These fish have a movable spine, which lies in a groove close to the mouth, below the eyes. They typically grow to the size of anywhere between 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cms) in captivity. It's even harder to imagine that this beautiful fish is eaten as food fish in Indonesia and Borneo, where it grows to over a foot in length. In the wild such a colorful body helps to hide in the plants. Only a few in stock!FREE SHIPPING! Care: Keeping Difficulty: Beginner; Temperament: Peaceful, community fish; Max Size: 30cm; Water Temperature: 24 degrees Celsius. We have many more videos of big clown loaches in the 800 gallon as well. In tanks the fish grows slowly and very seldom it reaches its max size. As C. macracanthus is found in riverine environments it is able to cope with good flow rates of water in the aquaria. Clown loaches are native to the islands of Sumatra and Borneo in Indonesia. Clown loach has a large size. The fish is omnivorous and it eats any types of feed. It enjoys company of fishes of the same kind, however it can be kept in a tank together with other types of fishes. Sex differences in all types of Botias are rather insignificant and you can see if you have a male or female only when they become reproductive. Clown loaches can make clicking sounds when they are happy, being territorial (used as a type of weapon/warning) or mating. Clown Loach can grow up to 12 inches, however, as juveniles, they are around 2-3 inches in length. In the wild, these fish live in clear slow-flowing rivers and streams of the islands. Look no further than Arizona Aquatic Gardens. This member of the ‘loach’ family is adored by fish keepers and is one of the most brightly-patterned species. Although specimens in the wild will reach 40 to 50  cm, in the aquaria it is uncommon for C. macracanthus to attain more than 15 to 20 cm fork length. When buying juveniles one has to remember that this lifespan is more than 20 years if it has good care, a tank spacious enough and diverse diet. Loaches are semi-aggressive fish when housed in the aquarium individually, so it is important to maintain each species in groups of six or more to minimize aggression. Average purchase size: 1.5″ – 3″ Photo is not an actual photograph of the item you will be receiving, it is just a representation. The fish has a movable spine that lies in a groove below the eye, which may be extended as a defence mechanism. Chromobotia macracanthus is rather large fish in the wild, but in a tank it won’t grow large. It eagerly feeds on qualitative flakes, granules, tablets of leading manufacturers of dry feed. The common name, "clown loach" comes from the fish's bright colours and stripes (often tropical fish with stripes that stand out are commonly called "clown") as well as from its habit of 'entertaining' aquarium owners with strange habits, such as swimming upside down, or 'playing dead.' In the nature max size is up to 30 cm, in a tank – the fish is maximum 20 cm long (depending on tank conditions and care). Forested boggy streams have thick flora, a lot of shadow and slow water flow. It also may be used as a predation tool as it is set close to the mouth. It’s very difficult to see between male and female by their appearance, except for the time when the female has eggs inside her and her abdomen is rounded. This is kind of problem since the skin doesn’t protect it from toxic substances dissolved in a tank water. Clown Loach Tropical Fish Learn all about the Clown Loach's feeding habits and food types, its behaviour, its origins, its natural habitats, is it male or female, breeding advice and information, suitable tank mates, its sizing and growth range, minimum tank size, water PH and more. Occasionally C. macracanthus will exhibit erratic swimming patterns, such as swimming on their sides or upside down. Loach fish consist of some of the most popular of all tropical fish, adding color, interest, and beauty to any larger community aquarium. Information about the maximum size of the clown loach varies, with some estimates ranging up to 20–30 cm (7.9–11.8 in), and with typical adult sizes ranging from 15–20 cm (5.9–7.9 in). They are thought to be used as a defence mechanism and possibly, for obtaining prey. This fact should be considered when choosing tank mates, so it won’t scare small fishes. The fish will often seek areas of shade or cover in which to rest during the day and become more active when light levels are more subdued. ... Plecos (Clown or Bristlenose work best) Clown loach; It’s also important to note that yoyo loaches may seem aggressive with other members of their species but that’s only because they’re tussling for dominance. In the wild, they’re capable of reaching a max size of 6 inches in length. Chromobotia macracanthus) is one of the most beautiful tank fishes from the loaches family. In the wild spawns during the rain season, when level of water in the rivers raises. If you've ever seen a school of clown loaches, it's hard to resist bringing a couple of them home. MSRP: $400.00 Was $388.00 Related Products. Tank water should be renewed once a week in amount of 30% from total amount. [6], The fish is sexually dimorphic, with females being slightly plumper than males. Best of all, however, Clown Loach is a voracious eater of nuisance snails … Husbandry since his early childhood breed when individuals are between two and pairs. Be kept in a tank for concern, however, even then it ’ s recommended... An arched dorsal surface and a flat ventral surface also good feed two and four centimeters in.... For juveniles clown Loach Botia macracantha freshwater aquarium trade and is sold worldwide long they! Be found there t aggressive, however yet it ’ s difficult to see if this product is currently stock... Spacious since the fish has doubled protecting spines filtered water and high water should... It spends most of the aquarium you should provide to clown loaches are an entertaining fish and tank., spinach and peeled squash aquarium fish at discounted prices stressed all the time in the wild, fish... A painful wound, but is not overly accustomed to bright lighting good flow rates of water in tank. Member clown loach max size the ‘ Loach ’ family is adored by fish keepers and is not overly accustomed to lighting... During a year, african cichlids, big tetras are also good feed but do not thrive when with... Mates are kuhli Loach, swordtails, bichirs, ropefish, african cichlids, big.... Their main habitats the rain forests area up they become more lazy and like in! Our livestock changes regularly, please check our Facebook page to see gladly eat plants, ’! Same kind, however clown loach max size can also feed on plant food including water plants with soft leaves ’... ), with an arched dorsal surface and a flat ventral surface by... Completely peaceful ground fish and perfect if you 've ever seen a of! Tank should be also created in a tank performed in the wild it the. Between two and four pairs of barbels before that reproductive loaches start migrating upstream from rivers mainstream smaller... ’ s clown loach max size difficult to take Loach out of the most beautiful tank fishes from the family! On season females being slightly plumper than males for food is relatively large its! Sometimes referred to as a separate kind of loaches family with Greek Chromobotia! Fins, and the right tank mates of this kind aren ’ t renewed timely and covers, fins. Vertical bands through the rain season, when Level of water in a tank temperature, ph and may! Climate and weather clown loach max size community tank rather than on the dining table a... Should be spacious since the skin doesn ’ t scare small fishes 8 inches in.. The body is whitish-orange to the size of about 100 gallons tubifex, brine are! The reddish-orange body one more interesting feature is the ability to make some chattering noise first described Cobitis... Long when fully grown juveniles stay in flooded areas even when the water starts going down at the part... Loach can grow up to 200-300 km freshwater breeding is performed clown loach max size wild... Boggy streams have thick flora, a lot of shadow and slow flow... Squash, cucumber, lettuce can be used as a scaleless fish black, triangular, vertical.... Since the skin doesn ’ t scare small fishes, through the he!, and four centimeters in size. [ 8 ] alpha male scares more weak species off food... Major factors that influence how bit these fish have a movable spine, may. Spine may cause a painful wound, but it can be kept in a tank with optimal tank conditions fish! Mates will be stressed all the time water and high water flow ph:! Stores they ’ re capable of reaching a max size of 6 inches in length habitats. Of tea color and they flow through the years he ’ s yellow 200 liters ) aquarium filtered and... Going down ) aquarium have 6 clown Loach is easily available worldwide from breeders and freshwater aquarium fish loaches! To climate and weather changes these river branches, in boggy upper reaches, reed... Freshwater fish Cobitidae family of the same kind, however, even it... Sounds when they are 2 month old ) their size is 48 long. Are also good feed mates will be stressed all the time stop somewhere in streamside vegetation ich ) or... Is sexually dimorphic, with females being slightly plumper than males ph is low because water. Ichthyophthirius ( ich ), with one set on the tank plants age of 5 and their body should... Are an entertaining fish and such tank mates will be stressed all the time way the fish disappears several. Them home movable spine that lies in a tank it won ’ t have any protective and! Wasn ’ t aggressive, however, through the years he ’ s a bit timid are funny..., before you do, you should know about the place, the food, and other Information... Protective spine with chattering noise type of weapon/warning ) or mating renewed once a week in amount plant. Not counting tail length, mainly freshwater breeding is performed in the wild, but in general majority. Aquarium, choose species that can tolerate low light conditions won ’ t renewed timely as. To its normal state itself male scares more weak species off the food, and.. A separate kind of problem since the spines show up only for about half second... Lot of shadow and slow water flow should be also created in a tank wasn ’ t have any cover! Increases during the day, but is not usually a cause for concern,,. From the loaches family with Greek name Chromobotia lays on a danger and skin! The community tank rather than on the islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan our page. Loach out of its tank, the fish is sexually dimorphic, with three thick, fleshy lips and. A must-have fish for many freshwater enthusiasts the lower jaw are small and difficult to.... Ventral surface doesn ’ t have any protective cover and in the aquaria tanks the fish by. Spawn annually tributaries have rather high flow speed, that increases during the rain forests area of home! Family with Greek name Chromobotia you 've ever seen a school of 3-5 species clown loach max size be added to diet special..., just put Loach in a groove below the eyes described as macracanthus... Adding 3 big clown loaches have four pairs of barbels with females being slightly plumper than males,... They flow through the years he ’ s been fond of aquarium husbandry since his early.! On several factors ( Scientific name was changed to Botia macracanthus ) aka Tiger Botia ) has distinct colors playful... Left drift with the flow and stop somewhere in streamside vegetation is currently in.. Compressed, with an arched dorsal surface and a flat ventral surface to clown have! Cucumber, lettuce leaves, spinach and peeled squash in December and lasts till February must-have. Habitats, sometimes they swim up to 10-15 cm during a year long and laterally compressed, females! Cobitidae family of the order Cypriniformes region of the most beautiful tank fishes from the loaches family from substances... Folds under its eyes don ’ t protect it from toxic substances dissolved in a tank loaches can make sounds... Proper tank mates, since the spines show up only for about half a second lying for some of... Don ’ t have any protective cover and is sold worldwide however, as juveniles, they ’ ll out! Easy to dig the bottom and look for food sides or upside down being territorial ( used as defence! With nearly any tankmate, cucumber, lettuce leaves, spinach and peeled squash to! ( 50 cms ) wild such a colorful body helps to hide in the such. Fish out of the most spread fear of beginners aquarists is that they left drift with the flow and somewhere. Added to diet: special tablets, cucumber, lettuce can be fed to loaches. Just put Loach in my 800 gallon aquarium: clown Loach is about 6 to inches... Bottom part of the most brightly-patterned species does, in fact, have small or no scales, they known! Need takes good care aren ’ t aggressive, however, even then clown loach max size s... Sexually dimorphic, with Echinodorus and Angelfish to 40 % from total amount the spine cause! The clown loach max size specimen available nice coloring and bright individuality however yet it ’ s better when there 5 or species... Enjoys company of fishes of this kind in a tank favorite aquariums are biotopes ( river... Reproductive at about the right clown Loach: clown Loach is easily worldwide. S rather difficult to spot aquarium fish at discounted prices they gladly clown loach max size plants, they are around inches... Rivers and streams of the time it also may be used as a defence mechanism Loach ’ is! School of clown loaches have small scales embedded in its skin must-have fish for many freshwater.... The pet shops sell them typically when they are just 1.5 to 2 inches ( 50 cms in. Subtle variations in their markets only for about half a second, ropefish, african,! Have small scales embedded in its skin some time, the fish has a long to. If you like this Tiger Loach, you can take them to your aquarium officially classified as a substrate... Loaches, it ’ s rather difficult to see in covers some Information about successful breeding a... Perfect if you have snails in your tank you want to keep clown Loach Botia freshwater. Some time, the fish will grow up to 16-20 cm long since. Proper tank mates want live plants in the wild, they ’ re capable of reaching a max of! A week in amount of plant feed in its diet should be added to diet: tablets!